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Units manufacture semi-finished products felt

Units manufacture semi-finished products felt

Ref document number : Country of ref document : DE. Effective date : Independent claims are included for: 1 the semi-finished textile product, preferably prepreg, comprising carbon fibers pre-impregnated with the matrix material; and 2 a carbon fiber reinforced composite material obtained by hardening or thermally deforming and optionally after compacting the semi-finished textile product. The present invention relates to a process for producing a textile semifinished product, in particular a prepreg, from carbon fiber preimpregnated with a matrix material, a textile semifinished product obtainable by this process, in particular prepreg, and its use in particular for the production of composite components, in particular for the production of Exterior skin and structural components for motor vehicles and transport vehicles.

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Semi-finished products

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The main rationale for reservation of items for exclusive production in the SSI sector were the feasibility of producing an item in the SSI Sector without compromising on quality; level of employment generation, diffusion of entrepreneurial talent and prevention of economic concentration etc.

The reservation policy was initiated in with 47 items which was enlarged to items by In , the reservation list was recast into NIC codes which converted these items to Since then, from time to time some items have been added and also some items have been delated from the list. In addition based on the requirements, the nomenclature of certain items has also been changed.

As on today, there are items reserved for exclusive manufacture in the small scale sector. It may be mentioned that the small scale sector produces over items. As per the second All India Census of small scale industries held for , reserved items accounted for The amendment also provided for constitution of an Advisory Committee on Reservation, which meets periodically and considers reservation issues.

Review of items in the reserved list is a continuous process by the Advisory committee. While taking a decision for reservation, the Committee is required to go into aspects like, i economy in production, ii level of employment generation, iii scope of diffusing entrepreneurship and iv prevention of concentration of economic power.

There are about 2. Exports from SSI sector for has been estimated at about Rs. The new industrial policy announced on 24th July, as part of the process of economic reforms has stated that the policy of reservation of products in the small scale industries sector will continue.

It is argued that the policy of reservation has led to rapid growth of the SSI Sector, since a significant number of units have come up in the reserved field. It is also argued that the policy has also action a price control mechanism for consumer items like a broad, biscuits, electrical and electronic goods, safety matches, looks, etc. Need for review : After the introduction of economic reforms with emphasis on liberalisation, delicensing and deregulation a need has been felt for a review of the reservation policy.

In today's environment, one has to not only globally compete but has also to compete in the domestic market when the imports are freely allowed except in consumer items. The items produced must be competitive and must meet the needs of consumers from the angles of quality, safety and hygiene.

It is being argued that SSI reservation has resulted in monopoly like situation in the production of some consumer items by some large scale units who were having an approved capacity prior to reservation and thus dismantling the very objective for which reservation was made. It was reported that a large number of items as are reserved for small scale are not even produced in the country The Office of Development Commissioner, however, verified this from the State Governments and SSI Associations and found that many of these items are manufactured in the SSI Sector.

Necessity for a relook has also arisen on account of better awareness on safety, quality, environment pollution, productivity etc. Constitution of Committee of officials to review reservation : The Advisory Committee on Reservation in its 14th meeting held on 28th August, has appointed a Committee of Officials to review the reservation list and submit recommendations to the Advisory Committee from time to time.

The order of the Committee was issued on 17th October, The Committee consists of following members: - Shri T. Vijayaraghvan, additional Secretary, Ministry of Commerce - Chairman. Jethra, Addl. Adviser, Planning commission - Member.

Prasad, Addl. The Committee was asked to keep in mind the following factors while examining the list of items reserved : i Interests of small industries. A copy of the letter is at Annexure-I. Meetings of the Committee : In all, the committee held eight meetings. Singhi, Dy.

Economic Adviser, Office of the Economic Adviser, Ministry of Industry submitted two independent papers on Reservation Policy which were gone through by the Committee and the criteria indicated above were decided after discussion on the points raised in these two notes. Notes on specific items were also received from Shri B. Bhanot also a member of the committee. In the first meeting, the Committee discussed and decided upon the general approach to be followed by it in its review of the reserved list.

It may be mentioned that the officers of the office of Development Commissioner who attended the meetings strongly opposed any move for Dereservation of any items on the ground that : i Reservation has played important role in the growth of small scale sector, generation of large scale employment and diffusion of entrepreneurship.

It was clarified that an enquiry was made with State Governments, Associations which revealed that many of these items are produced in the SSI Sector and it was due to some technical reason in the interpretation of registration of items by Directorate of Industries that these items could not be listed as independent items under production by the SSI units. Further it has been informed that many of these items are being manufactured in the unregistered SSI Sector.

In a few large scale units, monopolistic trends also emerged as a result of certain established brands which were existing prior to reservation and which continue to enjoy the monopolistic position even today. Items like shoe polish, tooth-paste etc.

This has either encouraged smuggling or dumping under the new Import Policy. One could mention simple items like nail cutters, knives and blades, hair clips etc. Electrical goods may be worth mentioning. One of the items which modern mass production technology consumes significantly less copper and results in electrical losses in the overall design. Similar is the situation in electrical chokes exclusively used for fluorescent tubes. This has given competitive edge for product marketing not only in domestic market but abroad as well.

Consumer is presently denied the price benefits as accrue on account of productivity increase. Small capacity plants are no more available abroad and the machinery has to be tailor-made for SSI requirements.

Some of our operations are in the nature of pilot projects abroad. In these days of global economy, it is difficult to survive on domestic market alone.

One has to supplement by marketing abroad. Local industry finds it difficult to even quote for large requirements for a single order as are coming in abundance now. Neighbouring Asian countries take advantage of this lacunae for a large number of products. For bulk marketing, one has to ensure standardisation which is difficult to comply while multiscurcing.

In identified area which have an export potential, one should either lower the export obligation or dde-reserve the items keeping in view long term national gains. In such a situation, local industry is denied the opportunity to manufacture a product in reasonable quality and scale, whereas foreign companies including MNCs are freely allowed to market their products. In today's environment, there is no scrutiny in regard to import of an item and the overall duty tariff is also getting gradually reduced.

Consumer pressure on quality and productivity is also increasing. There is, therefore, a need for having a re-look for certain tategories of items e. This results in numerous delays on account of interpretation problems.

There are certain products which need minor modification in the description. General vague description has also led to a limited option for the actual user as the entire range is not produced in the country. There is a case for de-reservation of such products, lest free imports take place. The list contains 91 items which have been recommended for dereservation on the grounds : i That it is not technically feasible to manufacture quality products within the specified investment ceiling of Rs.

The list contains 56 items. The modifications have been recommended in order to bring : i Harmony and clarity in description and to avoid confusion; ii To reflect the existing situations more accurately ; iii Change in technology of production; iv To provide for integrated production wherever possible. A list giving itemwise details of changes, recommended by the Committee alongwith the rationale at Annexure II.

This will also help safeguard the interests of consumers against the pricing of products of large units manufacturing reserved items in a near monopoly situation. The Committee genuinely feels that the main problem faced by the small scale units is that of the paucity of working capital.

The working capital made available to them in most of the cases is inadequate; there has been delay in sanction and the rate of interest charged is very high. All these problems lead to their sickness. The Committee is aware that the small scale units cannot have the advantages of economies of scale. This added with the high cost of borrowing makes their product uncompetitive.

The small scale units also face difficulties in marketing their products because they cannot develop their own brand name and they cannot bear the heavy expenditure on advertisement which is considered essential these days for marketing the products. This has been one of the reasons for the Government to continue with the policy of reservation of some products for exclusive manufacture in the small scale sector.

In view of the above, though outside the scope, the Committee recommends that the banks lending rates for expansion, modernisation etc. The Committee consists of following members:. The Committee was asked to keep in mind the following factors while examining the list of items reserved :. The import and export policy particularly export orientation of small enterprises. It may be mentioned that the officers of the office of Development Commissioner who attended the meetings strongly opposed any move for Dereservation of any items on the ground that :.

Reservation has played important role in the growth of small scale sector, generation of large scale employment and diffusion of entrepreneurship. In the context of liberalised regime the need for reservation has assumed added importance because the sector is now more exposed to competition from large scale sector including multi-nationals and also due to drastic reduction in protection as result of lowering down of excise and customs duties. There is no complaint against the quality of the goods produced in the SSI Sector as is evident from the fact that, at present, this sector is the largest contributor of Indian exports.

That it is technically feasible to produce the reserved items within the present investment ceiling of Rs. Criteria adopted for review : While reviewing the various items reserved for SSI sector, the deliberations finally got categorised into following Sub-Groups Monopoly : In some areas, as a result of reservation, only limited number of units could play a role in the domestic market.

Safety, health and Noise consideration : Consumers suffer for non-compliance to safety regulation and BIS is not able to implement compulsory quality certification in large number of consumer durable products.

Pollution Control : Some of the products could be classified into such categories which have a direct bearing on the environment pollution and conservation of natural resources e.

Productivity : Mass production technology and modern machinery has enhanced the productivity significantly. Minimum economic capacity plants : Some of the scales of operation are limited in our country and are of semi-automatic nature. Export potential : Reservation policy is coming in way in building exports in potential areas of thrust.

Import-Export policy Related Items : After the liberalised economy, most of the items are freely allowed for import without any relevance to the reservation policy. Vague Description : Some of the reserved items are described in a very general way. Items not produced in the country at all : Quite a few items, though reserved in SSI, are either not produced in the country or are being made in negligible quantities. The Committee has prepared two lists for the consideration of the Advisory Committee which are as under :.

Items recommended for deletion from Reservation List. The list contains 91 items which have been recommended for dereservation on the grounds :.

Intermediate goods , producer goods or semi-finished products are goods , such as partly finished goods, used as inputs in the production of other goods including final goods. In the production process, intermediate goods either become part of the final product, or are changed beyond recognition in the process. Intermediate goods are not counted in a country's GDP , as that would mean double counting , as the final product only should be counted, and the value of the intermediate good is included in the value of the final good.

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Global Office Supplies except Paper Manufacturing Market Report provides the strategists, marketers and senior management with the critical information they need to assess the global office supplies except paper manufacturing market. The office supplies except paper manufacturing market consists of sales of office supplies except paper by entities organizations, sole traders and partnerships that produce office supplies except paper. Examples of products made by the establishments in this industry are pens, pencils, felt tip markers, crayons, chalk, pencil sharpeners, staplers, modeling clay, hand operated stamps, stamp pads, stencils, carbon paper, and inked ribbons. Africa was the smallest region in the global office supplies except paper manufacturing market. Manufacturing in the office supplies market is getting faster and leaner with the adoption of sensor and wireless technologies.

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In cases where these groupings correspond with major groups, the major group heading is also in italics. The assembly of products from component parts is considered to be Manufacturing, except in cases where the activity is appropriately classified under Construction. The assembly and installation of machinery and equipment in mining, manufacturing, commercial and other business establishments is classified under the same group of Manufacturing as the manufacture of the item installed.

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Development of Food and Agricultural products processing industries. The Conference recognized the importance of food and agricultural products processing industries in stimulating agricultural development, raising the degree of self-reliance of the developing countries and accelerating their economic growth and sustained progress towards elimination of disparities. It emphasized that the development of these industries had to be based on an integrated approach which would take into full consideration raw material production, post-harvest handling, storage, conservation, processing, marketing and distribution. All these factors were interrelated, overlapping and interlocked and could not be planned and implemented separately from each other. In this respect, it was further stressed that the food and agricultural products processing industries were fundamental to the solution of the most serious problems of improving food supplies and providing employment, especially in rural areas. The Conference noted the comprehensive manner in which document C analysed the impact which processing of crops, livestock, fishery and forest products could make on:. The Conference further recognized that systematic action to achieve the above objectives was important in order to fulfil the recommendations made by the Sixth and Seventh Special Sessions of the UN General Assembly and the Lima Declaration. The Conference considered that the strategy presented in document C for developing food and agricultural products processing industries was in line with the objectives of a New International Economic Order. It further noted the analysis of the constraints and agreed that their elimination would accelerate development of this group of industries and would have the desired impact on improving the quality of life in every sector of the society, especially in the rural areas. Implementation of this strategy called for a comprehensive inter-disciplinary action to assist member countries in planning development of food and agricultural products processing industries, and a programme of action to implement it. Adequate allocation of resource" for development and utilization of raw material selection and utilization of socially appropriate technologies, development and strengthening of institutional infrastructure for this purpose, improvement of the product, of product quality and safety, and training of personnel in the areas of technology, management, entrepreneurship, research and development was recognized and endorsed.

Dec 20, - Examples of products made by the establishments in this industry are pens, pencils, felt tip markers, crayons, chalk, pencil sharpeners, staplers, is aiding the implementation of sensor technology in manufacturing units. used to detect miniature parts, semi-finished goods, and wear and tear of goods.

Semi-finished products

MAY 06, By S B Parikh. THE concept of sending the goods outside the factory for job work is not new. However, exemption from Service Tax is available under Notification No. In other words, the value addition made by job worker either suffers Service Tax or Central Excise duty, as the case may be. Manufacturing activity on job work basis may be carried out either on payment of duty or by availing exemption from duty, if the provisions and conditions of relevant exemption notification are fulfilled. The relevant Notifications are Notification Nos. One of the conditions is that the specified goods received from the job worker shall be used in the factory of Supplier in or in relation to the manufacture of specified goods, which are exempted from whole of the duty of excise under Notification No.

wood - semi-finished products - Import export

The idea becomes a product. Here it is decided that everything was done correctly. Here it is decided whether all the parameters previously defined properly and in the optimal combination have been coordinated. And indeed, with the effect that product quality, productivity and process reliability are assured of the highest sustainable level. This effect is achieved at b-plastic with the best possible coordinated production systems, through highly qualified staff and a high degree of automation. Thus, e. All injection units of different size and configuration are networked to a central PDA and PPS system and are controlled by these systems.

Global Office Supplies (except Paper) Manufacturing Market Report 2019 - ResearchAndMarkets.com

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Variety Control of a Semi-Finished Product Within a Group Technology Manufacturing System

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The main rationale for reservation of items for exclusive production in the SSI sector were the feasibility of producing an item in the SSI Sector without compromising on quality; level of employment generation, diffusion of entrepreneurial talent and prevention of economic concentration etc. The reservation policy was initiated in with 47 items which was enlarged to items by In , the reservation list was recast into NIC codes which converted these items to

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