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Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability. Man is a friend of fashion in nature. The desire for better garment and apparel resulted in the development of textile fiber production and textile manufacturing process.
Primarily the natural textile fibers meet the requirements for human consumption in terms of the comfort and aesthetic trends. Cotton, wool, and silk were the important natural fibers for human clothing articles, where cotton for its outstanding properties and versatile utilization was known as the King Cotton.
The advancement of fiber manufacturing introduced several man-made fibers for conventional textile products; however, cotton is to date a leading textile fiber in home textiles and clothing articles.
The chemistry of cotton fiber is the principal source of interesting and useful properties required in finished textile products [ 2 ]. Strength, softness, absorbency, dyeing and printing properties, comfort, air permeability, etc. By cotton fiber was significant with a market share of Cotton fiber grown with increased environment-friendly properties is called organic cotton. It is grown without using any synthetic chemicals or pesticides, fertilizers, etc.
Organic cotton is produced through crop with the processing stages in an ecological environment. Turkey, the USA, and India are the main countries producing organic cotton. The other important natural fibers used in conventional textile products are wool and silk. Wool fiber is known for its warmer properties and used mainly in winter wear mainly. Wool-based textile items are projected to witness a CAGR of 3.
Importantly, wool fiber is renewable and recyclable, which supports its demand in this industry [ 3 ]. Silk fiber is known for its unmatchable softness and low linear density. Relative to cotton and wool, natural silk is not produced in significant quantity.
It is indicated to have the highest revenue growth rate of 4. A recent study of textile fiber market share by the IHS Markit has shown the synthetic fibers consumed highest mainly represented by polyester and nylon fibers followed by cotton, cellulosics, and wool fibers Figure 1 [ 4 ]. China is the major manufacturer of synthetic fibers. The textile manufacturing processes are largely required by the fashion segment in the global textile market. Fashion market is followed by technical textiles and household products.
Grand View Research indicated fashion, technical textiles, and household as the top three sectors by application for the global textile market Figure 2 [ 3 ]. Important textile fiber product types in the market in terms of application Grand View Research . Compound annual growth rate of 4. This market was estimated at USD The growth is significantly expected in the apparel sector.
China and India will remain the leading countries to experience this growth. Increasing urban population with rising disposable income is the main source of higher growth in apparel consumption. The textile manufacturing processes in the global textile industry are producing the textile yarn, fiber, fabric, and finished products including apparels. China is indicated as the country with leading textile manufacturing facility representing around one-fourth of the global textile industry.
An important aspect that has received increasing concern in textiles is the release of environmental hazard from fiber and fabric process industries. Most of the processes performed in textile manufacturing release significant toxic and hazard waste to river water, soil and air.
Particularly fiber and yarn manufacturing, chemical finishing, pre-treatment processes, dyeing, printing, coating, and drying operations are releasing toxic gases, carcinogenic materials, harmful vapor and lint, and effluent discharge. Consequently, standards and regulations are evolved to limit or eliminate the environmental depreciation. Today the textile industry encompasses a significant number and variety of processes that are adding value in fiber.
These processes may range over the yarn making through the garment stitching, fabric embossing, and composite production. However, considering the textile fiber as the basic building unit of any textile product, the textile manufacturing may clearly be identified as the conventional and technical textiles. The conventional textile manufacturing process has a long history of converting the natural fiber into useful products including fabric, home textiles, and apparel and more recently into a technical textile through the utilization of special finishing effects Figure 3.
The synthetic and semisynthetic fiber manufacturing is diversified with the utilization of monomer, chemical agent, precursor, catalyst, and a variety of auxiliary chemicals resulting in the formation of fiber or yarn. However, such man-made fibers are perceived as a separate specialized subject and beyond the scope of this book.
Therefore, the man-made fiber manufacturing is not discussed. The innovation in textile manufacturing introduced variety in raw materials and manufacturing processes. Therefore, process control to ensure product quality is desired. Monitoring and controlling of process parameters may introduce reduction in waste, costs, and environmental impact [ 6 ]. All the processing stages in textile manufacturing from fiber production to finished fabric are experiencing enhancement in process control and evaluation.
It includes textile fiber production and processing through blow room, carding, drawing, and combing; and fabric production including knitted, woven, nonwoven, and subsequent coloration and finishing and apparel manufacturing. The global textile industry, in yarn and fabric production, has strong presence and experiencing growth.
In , the yarn and fabric market was valued at USD The market consumption is forecasted for growth at CAGR of 5. Apparel production is another important area in textile manufacturing around the textile industry chain.
Probably the apparel is what an individual wear for the purpose of body coverage, beautification, or comfort. Apparel and garment terms are used interchangeably. However, the two terms may be differentiated as apparel is an outerwear clothing and garment is any piece of clothing. The study of apparel manufacturing market includes all the clothing articles except leather, footwear, knitted product, and technical, household, and made-up items.
The worldwide apparel manufacturing market was valued at USD The market enhancement is forecasted to move from to at CAGR of 4. Traditionally, yarn manufacturing comprises a series of processes involved in converting the fiber into yarn. It was rooted in natural fibers obtained from natural plant or animal sources. Natural fibers are produced with natural impurities that were removed from the yarn in subsequent pretreatment processes.
Possibly, cotton is the fiber that has rooted the yarn manufacturing from fiber bale opening, followed by the series of continuous operations of blending, mixing, cleaning, carding, drawing, roving, and spinning.
Yarn manufacturing using cotton fibers through a sequence of processing stages may be shown by process flow diagram Figure 4 [ 8 ].
All these operations are mechanical and do not require chemical application. Each processing stage in yarn manufacturing utilized the machine of specialized nature and provided quality effects in yarn production.
The advancement in fiber processing and machine technology for yarn manufacturing is continuous. The manual picking of cotton fiber is now replaced with machine picking. However, conventional systems of blending, carding, drawing, roving, and spinning are indicated important in the future [ 9 ]. Yarn diameter, hairiness, linear density, permeability, strength properties, etc. Several interesting works on the production of yarn are available that provide details of the material processing and technological control.
Introductory spinning technology is described by Lawrence [ 10 ]. It covers the rudiments of staple-yarn technology, the manufacturing process, the raw materials, and the production processes for short-staple, worsted, semi-worsted, woolen spinning, doubling, and specialty yarn.
Some of the useful advanced topics discussed are staple-yarn technology, including new development in fiber preparation technology, carding technology, roller drafting, ring spinning, open-end rotor spinning, and air-jet spinning.
Peter described the yarn production technology in combination with the economics [ 11 ]. The study is useful for yarn manufacturing and its development in the textile industry.
Important topics covered include review of yarn production, filament yarn production, carding and prior processes for short-staple fibers, sliver preparation, short-staple spinning, long-staple spinning, post-spinning processes, quality control, and economics of staple-yarn production.
The interlaced fibrous structure mainly used is woven, nonwoven, and knitted. Traditionally, the weaving technology was the principal source for fabric production. The important types of woven fabric produced are the basic weaves, such as plain or tabby, twill, and satin, and the fancy weaves, including pile, jacquard, dobby, and gauze. Knitted fabric is the second major type of fabric used following the woven.
It has a characteristic of accommodating the body contour and provided the ease of movement. It is particularly a comfortable form of fabric structure for sports, casual wear, and undergarment. Knitted fabrics include weft types and the warp types, raschel, and tricot. Net, lace, and braid are other useful interlaced fabric structures. Nonwoven fabrics are rapidly increasing in market consumption.
These fabrics are finding interesting uses in industrial and home applications. Nonwoven fabrics include materials produced by felting and bonding.
Laminating processes are also increasing in importance, and fairly recent developments include needle weaving and the sewing-knitting process. Garment is known as a piece of clothing. Garment design and manufacturing is the combination of art and technology. Garment manufacturing has seen several advancements in design development, computer-aided manufacturing CAD , and automation.
However, the older version of garment manufacturing process is still the main theme today—that is, the cutting and joining of at least two pieces of fabric. The sewing machine has the function of joining woven or cut-knitted fabrics. Garments are mostly produced by sewing the pieces of fabric using a sewing machine.
These machines are still based on the primary format used. Today the important topics in the current garment manufacturing industry range over product development, production planning, and material selection.
Maximizing customer value with innovative textile technology and a global trade network. Hyosung is one of the world's best manufacturers of nylon textile filament, is loved by customers around the world for its nylon fibers of outstanding quality and a variety of functions, all based on production know-how accumulated over 50 years. Capitalizing from its efforts to reduce energy, Hyosung has launched the world's first ever environmentally friendly recyclable nylon, 'MIPAN regen', and is leading the world to a better place through resource recycling. As the leader in the domestic polyester fiber manufacturer, Hyosung produces various and differentiated polyester yarns from regular yarns to high functional Major Products in order to create high values for customers.
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Download PDF Version. A spinning system in which yarn is made by wrapping fibers around a core stream of fibers with compressed air. The porosity, or the ease with which air passes through material. Air permeability determines such factors as the wind resistance of sailcloth, the air resistance of parachute cloth, and the efficiency of various types of air filtration media.
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Used in : Wool spinning, knitting, silk, nylon yarn, high stretch silk industry, by rolling into a twisted process into a fixed weight, fixed length of yarn to dyeing for the next procedure, Condition Transportation and ZeLun play a pre-smoking high-elastic yarn shrinkage role. Spinning box has two options: one is galvanized pipe, and another aluminum alloy used by the gate oxide treatment. For more pictures, video and details, please email me! Sign In. Join Free. Inquiry Basket.
Meridian Specialty Yarn Group, Inc. The , square-foot facility is the first yarn and fiber dyeing operation to be built in the United States in over two decades and offers the only tow-dyeing capacity in the U. Until this summer, all producer-dyed acrylic tow was imported from outside U. The plant officially went live July 8 and is equipped to provide a broad number of traditional capabilities, from chemical treatments to dyeing to a combination of the two. This includes dye equipment by Galvanin, S. Most dye houses specialize in certain products, but we are now in a position to source from all over the world, from every type of textile fiber, supporting a wide array of end uses. The skein-printed yarns will go into craft yarns, apparel products and some home furnishings. The top dyed wool capability will support worsted spinners supplying high-end apparel, hosiery and home furnishings. The new plant also reflects a large investment in sustainable technologies and processes.
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View all industries and categories. Sewing thread made from Gore fibers helps outdoor fabrics, such as those used in awnings, umbrellas and pleasure marine products, stand up to the elements. Ropes used in continuous bending applications incorporate Gore fibers to lengthen their service life without sacrificing performance. In summary, GORE Fibers stand up to the most rigorous environments and maintain their integrity over a long period of time to extend service life in the most demanding applications. This makes it ideal for outdoor and marine products such as awnings, umbrellas, furniture, boat covers and sails. Gore brings advanced performance to the technical textiles industry with a range of PTFE fiber solutions. The fiber can be sewn, knitted or woven into various structures, and combined with other yarn material to achieve the desired properties of the fabric. Products Fibers. View Subcategories. Sewing Thread for Outdoor Applications. Sewing Thread for Filtration Applications.
Pharr Space Dyed Carpet Fiber
Pharmaceuticals Biopharmaceuticals Pharmaceutical intermediates. Nov 14, Products. Oct 31, Products. Toyobo and Saline Water Conversion Corporation sign MOU on joint pilot test aimed at accelerating use of new membrane technology for reusing concentrated brine. Sep 17, Products. Jul 31, Products. Accelerating development of material for organic photovoltaics capable of generating power with indoor light. Jun 10, Products. Home Products.
Polyester Space Dye Yarn DTY,FDY,THREAD
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres , suitable for use in the production of textiles , sewing , crocheting , knitting , weaving , embroidery , or ropemaking. Modern manufactured sewing threads may be finished with wax or other lubricants to withstand the stresses involved in sewing. Yarn can be made from a number of natural or synthetic fibers. Many types of yarn are made differently though. There are two main types of yarn: spun and filament. The most common plant fiber is cotton , which is typically  spun into fine yarn for mechanical weaving or knitting into cloth. Cotton and polyester are the most commonly spun fibers in the world. Cotton is grown throughout the world. After harvesting it is ginned and prepared for yarn spinning. Polyester is extruded from polymers derived from natural gas and oil.
Our company has successfully solved the problem of coloring fine denier filament and superfine denier polypropylene filament, possessing the ability of producing various colorful yarns according to customer"s requirements PP DTY yarn Polypropylene stretch yarn, both the flexibility of the deformation of the yarn and good flexibility, there are many cyclical and network points for decorative fabrics, fabrics, etc. PP fine FDY yarn High strength, lighter weight, corrosion resistance, wear resistance, chemical resistance, excellent one-way moisture conductivity, excellent flexibility for outdoor fabric industry PP fine denier ATY silk Texture bulky, good elasticity, soft and comfortable, guided temperature perspiration, good antibacterial properties, better warmth, for wool blends, clothing fabrics, etc. PP fine denier DTY yarn Light breathable, moisture perspiration, warm and warm, antibacterial deodorant, for seamless underwear, functional clothing fabrics, high-end sports fabrics, swimsuits, etc.
Remscheid, Germany, April 12, — Ten positions of the new Flex-6 concept for manufacturing polyamide 66 industrial yarns were recently commissioned at Sinowin Chemical Fiber Co. Shortly before the exhibition Techtextil opens its doors in Frankfurt, Germany, from May , the Segment Manmade Fibers of the Swiss Oerlikon group has announced this project. The benefits of the new machine concept include components that are optimized to the respective application, which considerably reduce the required space compared to conventional solutions and its optimized energy consumption. Sinowin is therefore the first industrial yarn manufacturer in China to deploy our new technology.
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Solvay is an advanced materials and specialty chemicals company offering a portfolio of more than products across various key markets worldwide. Solvay is an advanced materials and specialty chemicals company, committed to developing chemistry that address key societal challenges. Get extensive information about Solvay investment case, business operations, strategy, and financial performance. A partner of manufacturers in the textile, clothing and personal protection markets, Solvay offers consumers ever greater comfort in their day-to-day lives through a wide range of fibers, yarns, plastics and various other solutions polymers, phosphorus products and solvents.