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Produce plant compositions and Fragrances

Produce plant compositions and Fragrances

Flowers of Anacardiaceae and other Sapindales typically produce nectar, but scent, often associated with a reward for pollinators, has surprisingly been mentioned only rarely for members of the family and order. However, flowers of Anacardium humile and Mangifera indica produce a strong sweet scent. The origin and composition of these floral scents is the subject of this study. Screening of potential osmophores on the petals and investigations of their anatomy were carried out by light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy.

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Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Ginseng flower Panax ginseng C. Meyer [Technical Field]. The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference.

Panax ginseng C. Meyer which is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Araliaceae is classified as a perennial plant. It grows in remote mountain forests and is cultivated as a medicinal plant. It is 60 cm in height, a new stem grows each year, and leaves sprout from the tip of the stem. In the summer, a thin flower stalk comes out, and small flowers having a light yellowish color come out from the tip of the stalk. The flowers have five leaves and stamens and one pistil.

The fruit thereof is drupe, has an elliptic shape, is mm in diameter, becomes bright red when being ripe, and has two semicircular kernels in the central portion thereof. The root thereof is used for medicinal purposes and has the shape of the human body.

Ginseng has been considered as an elixir of life long. The root of ginseng which is cultivated in Korea is a fleshy root which consists of a main root and 2- 5 lateral roots and is light yellowish white in color.

Although the number of the lateral roots varies depending on soil, a transplanting method, a fertilizer, water content, etc. The root of ginseng is harvested when the age thereof is 4 year-old. The flower of ginseng emits a luxurious fragrance, which entirely differs from that of the root and is similar to that of freesia, and for this reason, the fragrant components of ginseng flowers were collected from a ginseng field located at Chohyeon-ri, Namil-myeon, Geumsan-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea, and were analyzed and then expressed.

To prepare products having a fragrance like that of such ginseng flowers, various conventional methods may be used. Examples of these conventional methods include a solvent extraction method of making absolute oils using the fragrant components of flowers, and a steam distillation method of making essential oils using the fragrant components.

However, in these methods, high heat should be applied during the extraction process, complicated treatment processes are used so as to require a long period of time, and the fragrance of the product can greatly differ from the characteristic fragrance of flowers. The SPME method can analyze fragrant components in a rapid and convenient manner without the need to use a solvent and to pretreat samples. Accordingly, the present inventors have made efforts to develop a product having a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers, using the SPME method effective in analyzing the fragrant components of living natural materials.

As a result, the present inventors have found that decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like are the main fragrant components of ginseng flowers, and have attempted to develop a product having a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers, using these components.

However, the results of sensory tests conducted by the present inventors showed that the fragrance of ginseng flowers could not be expressed only with these components. Accordingly, the present inventors have continued to study to develop a product having a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers and, as a result, found that a perfume composition, which contains, as essential components, hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, including decanal, nonanal, 2- 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone, can emit a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference, thereby completing the present invention.

Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a perfume composition, which can emit a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers and has high preference. Another object of the present invention is to provide a skin external composition containing said perfume composition as a constituent component.

The perfume composition of the present invention contains, as essential components, hedione and methylionone which are artificial synthetic substances, in addition to the main fragrant components of ginseng flowers, including decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone, and the secondary fragrant components of ginseng flowers, including methyl vinyl ketone, hexanal, methyl heptenone, cishexenol and methyl salicylate.

If decanal, nonanal, 2- methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and artificial synthetic substances hedione and methylionone, which are main components for producing a fragrance like that of ginseng flowers, are used in amounts deviating from the above-specified ranges, the similarity of fragrance to the fragrance of ginseng flowers will be decreased, and the preference of fragrance will also be decreased.

However, although the other components are preferably used in the above-specified content ranges, such components can also be used in amounts deviating from the above-specified ranges, as long as they have no effect on the production of the fragrance of ginseng flowers, because they have no great effect on the fragrance of ginseng flowers.

The composition according to the present invention, having the components and contents as described above, can be added to skin external preparations, such as perfume and cosmetic products, and the amount of composition added can be suitably selected according to any conventional technique known in the art so as to achieve the desired effects.

Examples of such external preparations include ointments, lotions, solubilized phases, suspensions, emulsions, creams, gels, sprays, pastas, plasters, patches and liquid plasters. However, the scope of the present invention is not limited only thereto, and the inventive composition may be added to any base known in the art.

Meanwhile, in the present invention, the SPME method was used to analyze the fragrant components of ginseng flowers. The SPME method is advantageous for analyzing the highly volatile fragrant components of ginseng flowers, because the fragrant components adsorbed to a fiber material can be desorbed at the inlet of a GC-MS column without any special pretreatment and can be rapidly injected into the column so as to greatly reduce the analysis time.

In the present invention, perfume compositions were prepared based on the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, analyzed by the SPME method. These compositions were subjected to olfactory sensory tests in a ginseng field located at Chohyeon-ri, Namil-myeon, Geumsan- gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea in order to examine the similarity of fragrance thereof to the fragrances of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance thereof.

The sensory tests were conducted by professional flavorists and general persons, and the similarity of fragrance of the compositions to the fragrance of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance thereof were evaluated through questionnaire survey. As described above, the compositions according to the present invention contain hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like.

Thus, the perfume composition of the present invention can emit a fragrance like the fragrance of ginseng flowers and can also improve the preference of fragrance. It is to be understood, however, that the scope of the present invention is not limited these examples, and other applications and modifications of the present invention will be obvious to those skilled in the art.

The collection of the fragrant components was conducted a ginseng field located at Chohyeon-ri, Namil-myeon, Geumsan- gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea. After the fragrant components were collected, the fiber having the fragrant components collected thereon was sealed.

The GC-MS analysis was carried out in the following conditions. As a result, the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, analyzed by the SPME method, are shown in Table 1 below. As can be seen in Table 1 above, ginseng flowers contained, as main fragrant components, decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, and these main components accounted for Reference Example 2 : Comparative sensory evaluation of fragrance between perfume composition, prepared based on analysis results, and ginseng flowers.

Based on the above analysis results, a perfume composition sample B shown in Table 2 below was prepared, and the similarity of fragrance between the perfume composition and ginseng flowers was examined through sensory evaluation. The sensory evaluation was conducted on twenty year-old general men and women, and the similarity of fragrance question 1 between ginseng flowers sample A and the perfume composition sample B obtained using the SPME method, and the preference of fragrance question 2 , were examined by causing the evaluation panels to smell the fragrance of each of the samples A and B and answering a questionnaire shown in Table 3 below.

The evaluation results are shown in Table 4 below. As can be seen in Table 4, the perfume composition sample B had a fragrance greatly different from the fragrance of ginseng flowers, and showed low preference. Reference Example 3 : Analysis of fragrance and comparison of fragrance with ginseng flowers, conducted by professional evaluation group. As can be seen in Reference Example 1, the perfume composition comprising the components analyzed by the SMPE method had no similarity to the fragrance of ginseng flowers.

Thus, each of the fragrant components of ginseng flowers was subjected to sensory evaluation by a professional evaluation group consisting of flavorists.

As a result, it was found that, among the fragrant components of ginseng flowers, decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone were major components making the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers. Example 1: Preparation of new perfume compositions having varying contents of main components of ginseng flowers.

From the results of Reference Example 3, it could be seen that the main components of the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers were decanal, nonanal, 2- methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone. Thus, in order to provide a perfume composition, which contains these five components to emit the fragrance of ginseng flowers and, at the same time, has high preference, the present inventors prepared new perfume compositions 1 to 7. Example 2 : Sensory evaluation of perfume compositions prepared in Example 1.

The seven new perfume compositions, prepared in Example 1, were examined with respect to the similarity of fragrance to the fragrance of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance using sensory evaluation in the same manner as described in Reference Example 2. Meanwhile, after the comparative sensory evaluation of two perfume compositions was conducted, a breathing time of 5 minutes was given to eliminate olfactory paralysis.

Sensory evaluation results for the similarity of fragrance between the new perfume compositions and ginseng flowers, and the preference of fragrance, are shown in Table 6 below. Example 3 : Preparation of perfume compositions having improved fragrance based on analysis conducted by professional evaluation group.

These perfume compositions are shown in Table 7 below. Example 4 : Sensory evaluation of perfume compositions prepared in Example 3. The seven perfume compositions A, B, C, D, E, F and G prepared in Example 3 were examined with respect to the similarity of fragrance to the fragrance of ginseng flowers and the preference of fragrance by performing sensory evaluation in the same manner as described in Reference Example 2 above.

Meanwhile, after the comparative sensory evaluation of two perfume combinations was conducted, a breathing time of 5 minutes was given to eliminate olfactory paralysis. Sensory evaluation results for the similarity of fragrance between the new perfume compositions and ginseng, and the preference of fragrance, are shown in Table 8 below. A perfume shown in Table 9 below was prepared using the above-described perfume composition having similarity to the fragrance of ginseng flowers.

Perfume containing perfume composition having fragrance like that of ginseng flowers. Ref document number : Country of ref document : CN. Country of ref document : EP. Kind code of ref document : A1. Country of ref document : JP. Ref country code : DE. Disclosed is a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method.

Thus, the perfume composition has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference. Meyer [Technical Field] The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference.

A perfume composition having a fragrance having a like that of ginseng flowers, the composition containing, as active ingredient, fragrant components of ginseng flowers, hedione and methylionone.

The perfume composition of Claim 1, wherein the fragrant components of ginseng flowers are decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde and acetophenone. The perfume composition of Claim 2, wherein the perfume composition additionally contains methyl vinyl ketone, hexanal, methyl heptenone, cis-3 -hexenol and methyl salicylate. A skin external composition containing the perfume composition of any one of Claims 1 to 4.

CN CNB en Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of ginseng flower Panax ginseng C. Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of ginseng flower panax ginseng c. JPB2 en.

KRB1 en. CNB en. WOA1 en. Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Citrus unshiu of Jeju island the composition for skin external application containing the same.

JPA en. USB2 en. Aromatic deodorizing composition for environment and aromatic deodorizer for environment containing the aromatic deodorizing composition for environment.

CNA en. KRA en. Ozcan et al. Costa et al. Siani et al. Sangun et al.

Perfume Plants. Many old fashioned "passalong plants" that were prized for their fragrance are storming back into vogue.

Although there are all kinds of creative ways to find your signature scent , none is as indulgent or intimate as making your own bespoke fragrance. Perfume provides a unique sensorial experience for the wearer—especially perfume oils—which have a luxe skin feel. Made from natural plant-derived essences, perfume oils have a highly concentrated scent and are free from synthetic preservatives. Keep reading for instructions on how to make DIY perfume oils. There are a couple of precautions when making your own perfume oils, especially when working with plant-derived essences which can be very powerful. Plus, some citrus essences like lime oil cause photosensitivity, so always research your ingredients.

Perfume Plants

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How to Make Your Own Perfume Oils: A Complete Guide

These come in an array of different colours, and also have a range of different scents. What are the chemical compounds behind these scents? Flowers give off a complex mix of volatile organic chemicals, and whilst not all of these will contribute to the aroma, a significant number will impact it to varying degrees. Their scent is majorly influenced by compound named after the flower, - -cis-rose oxide. This molecule is a particular isomer of rose oxide which has 4 different isomers , and the one which contributes the typical floral rose fragrance.

With 35 years of experience in transforming consumer dreams into the fragrance reality, Patrick Boyer and Christian Bursachi established fragrance company Versions Originales Aromatiques in From prestige and designer perfumes to the scent of personal care products, our fragrances bring pleasure and excitement, lift spirits and inspire emotions worldwide.

Perfume composition for expressing the fragrance of Ginseng flower Panax ginseng C. Meyer [Technical Field]. The present invention relates to a perfume composition, which contains hedione that is an artificial synthetic substance having a delicate flower fragrance, and methylionone that is an artificial synthetic substance having a soft and freesia-like flower fragrance, in addition to decanal, nonanal, 2-methylpyrrole, benzaldehyde, acetophenone and the like, analyzed as the fragrant components of ginseng flowers by an SPME method, and thus has a fragrance like the characteristic fragrance of ginseng flowers while having high preference. Panax ginseng C. Meyer which is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Araliaceae is classified as a perennial plant. It grows in remote mountain forests and is cultivated as a medicinal plant. It is 60 cm in height, a new stem grows each year, and leaves sprout from the tip of the stem. In the summer, a thin flower stalk comes out, and small flowers having a light yellowish color come out from the tip of the stalk. The flowers have five leaves and stamens and one pistil.

Fragrances

Fragrances can make us feel a whole range of emotions. They are an important part of our daily lives and how we connect as human beings. From the familiar smell of our loved ones to the welcoming feeling of our homes. Each unique formula balances individual notes and groups of notes in accords in harmony in much the same way as the composition of a piece of music.

Before the manufacturing process can begin, the plant and animal-based perfume ingredients must first be gathered ingredients listed below. Traditionally used in Native American culture to hallucinate during rite of passage rituals.

Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Horst Surburg , Johannes Panten. Get a good start in flavor and fragrance chemistry! This book presents a survey of those natural and synthetic fragrance and flavor materials which are commercially available, produced and used on a relatively large scale and which are important ingredients for the creation of fragrance and flavor compositions because of their specific sensory characteristics, e. It provides information on their properties, methods employed in their manufacture, and their areas of application. This is the 5th edition of the classic "Bauer-Garbe". The excellent and concise introduction to this unique industry is followed by extensive information on nearly of the most used fragrance and flavor compounds. Names, molecular formula, physical data, odor and flavor descriptions, uses, and a number of processes for the larger scale production of chemicals are all included. Successive chapters deal with essential oils, animal secretions, quality control, toxicology and literature. The formula, name and CAS registry number index are an invaluable and timely addition.

Jul 24, - Made from natural plant-derived essences, perfume oils have a highly concentrated Plus, some citrus essences like lime oil cause photosensitivity, so always You should also understand the basic composition of a scent.

The Chemical Compounds Behind the Smell of Flowers

Since the beginning of recorded history, humans have attempted to mask or enhance their own odor by using perfume, which emulates nature's pleasant smells. Many natural and man-made materials have been used to make perfume to apply to the skin and clothing, to put in cleaners and cosmetics, or to scent the air. Because of differences in body chemistry, temperature, and body odors, no perfume will smell exactly the same on any two people. Perfume comes from the Latin "per" meaning "through" and "fumum," or "smoke. The oil was then burned to scent the air. Today, most perfume is used to scent bar soaps.

Microbiology & Experimentation

This patent relates to Provisional U. The invention described in this application is not the result of a federally sponsored research or development agreement. The present invention relates to fragrance ingredients, fragrance concentrates and perfumes, that are created by high-energy extraction or dilution of natural or synthetic starting materials with solvents composed of nature-derived or synthetic, cosmetic-grade, medium-volatility hydrocarbons or their respective ethers MCHEs. In particular, the present invention relates to fragrance compositions and perfumes obtained by artful blending of those ingredients without the use of alcohol or water, that can be used directly as non-alcoholic perfumes or in the scenting of skin-care and hair-care products. Oil-based perfumes and fragrances are the oldest man made scents dating back to at least the times of ancient Egypt and Babylonia. Alcoholic fragrances, on the other hand, have been produced since the Renaissance. Relatively recent are attempts to create novel fragrance carriers other than ethanol. Thus, the creation of non-alcoholic fragrance preparations figures prominently in the current international patent literature. However, none of the recent art cited above describes the use of medium-volatility hydrocarbons or their respective ethers MCHEs as fragrance extraction solvents and as fragrance carriers, which lies at the core of the present invention.

Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. View eBook. The chemistry of flavours and fragrances is of great interest to academics and industrialists alike.

Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Get print book.

A big thank you to all our visitors! Leading fragrance house since , Jean Niel embodies the savoir-faire passed from generation to generation.

Ancient texts and archaeological excavations show the use of perfumes in some of the earliest human civilizations. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin or coumarin , which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone. The word perfume derives from the Latin perfumare , meaning "to smoke through".

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