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Produce manufacturing products of fish farming, beekeeping, sericulture, artificial insemination

Produce manufacturing products of fish farming, beekeeping, sericulture, artificial insemination

Forage Crops Lorann Stallones. Livestock Confinement Kelley Donham. Animal Husbandry Dean T. Stueland and Paul D.

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Record keeping

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Integration of livestock in fish culture is an old age system of practice. Ducks, poultry, pig, cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat are common in mixed farming. Nowadays rabbit also incorporated in integrated livestock cum fish culture. Due to progressive shrinking of farm holding to obtain maximum output adoption of mixed farming system with livestock and fish become very popular in wetland and water shed areas of the country.

The by-product utilization of one sub-system e. To avoid environmental problems with animal excreta apart from manure production the animal excreta could be efficiently utilized as feed for fish and the end product is valuable animal protein, which is very much needed in India. States like West Bengal. Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Assam and North Eastern states the demand for fish and fish products along with meat and animal products are very high.

To meet the demand and supply the integration with fish and livestock is very promising and could bring a significant profitability from a unit area particularly for small holding farmers. Most of the small holder farmers cannot afford the concentrate feed requirements of the fishes in intensive fish farming. Hence, the integrated fish farming with livestock and utilization of livestock excreta could meet demand by growing fish food organism i.

The popular livestock- fish integrated farming systems are —. Basic principles for integrated livestock-fish farming. The basic principles for livestock-fish integrated farming system are full utilization of livestock farm wastes and conversion of waste in to valuable fish protein. The spilled over feed or feed derived from livestock manure may be utilized as direct feed or the manure from livestock helps in production of planktons which form the feed for fishes in the pond.

In this integrated farming system optimal stocking density with desired fish species, optimum utilization of manure and lime also play an important role for successful production of fish. Excess manuring with livestock excreta may cause poor water quality and may lead to depletion of dissolved oxygen in water causing mortality to fishes. The livestock-fish farming may be extensive, intensive or semi-intensive system depending upon the availability of resources and capital.

Fish species for integrated livestock-fish farming. The most suitable species of fishes for integrated livestock-fish farming are those fishes that can filter and feed on phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria from water. The objective of integrated livestock cum fish farming is to produce maximum plankton in water through manuring which is rich in protein and a natural feed for fishes.

The species of fishes which are consumed by the people and are efficient utilizer of phyto and zooplankton and also with macrophytic feeding nature are excellent for integrated livestock fish culture. Depending on the feeding nature the fishes are divided into three categories viz. Surface feeder, Column feeder and Bottom feeder. In integrated system of fish farming both indigenous and exotic species are recommended. Indigenous species like Catla Catla catla which are zooplankton feeder and exotic species Silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix which are phytoplankton consumer are best example of surface feeder, whereas Rohu Labio rohita an indigenous species is omnivorous in nature and column feeder.

Exotic species like Grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella which are herbivorous cover surface, column and marginal area of feeding zone. Ideal housing for livestock- fish integrated farming system. Considering the easy operation of day to day farm management and optimum production the livestock house is constructed above the water bodies especially for duck or poultry, nearby the pond or bank of pond for pig, poultry, cattle or buffaloes etc or partly in water and land.

In duck cum fish farming the duck house may be constructed above the pond thus the excreta and feed waste directly goes to the pond and serve as a feed for fishes. When the house is constructed in bank of the water bodies, a channel is diverted from animal shed to the pond, so that the feed waste or excreta rinsed to the pond. In this case optimum livestock-fish ratio should be maintained to avoid excess manuring in water.

In this type of housing duck, poultry, pig or cattle is recommended. In third type i. The animal excreta channelized in the pond directly. The slatted type floor may be constructed with wood, bamboo etc. Management of pond in integrated livestock-fish system.

The pond should be water retentive and not to be situated in flood prone area. There should be constant water supply or throughout the year there should be water in the pond. Seasonal ponds, which can retain 8 to 9 month water also, can be considered for integrated farming system. At least there should be 1. Soil pH should be within the range of 6.

Lime helps in maintaining pH, kills and decomposes parasites. The lime should be applied in 3 to 4 split doses. The basal dose of lime and cow dung application in per hectare of water bodies is kg and kg, respectively. The pond should be regularly cleaned from aquatic plants which prevents sunlight penetration and oxygen circulation in water as well as shelter fish predators.

The weeding can be done by manually, mechanically, biologically, chemically or by increasing the water depth in the pond. By repeated netting unwanted fishes may also be removed. The ammonia, tea seed cake and bleaching powder also can be applied to remove enemy fishes. Stocking and harvesting time of fishes. June and July is the best suitable months for stocking of fingerlings.

The stocking time varies depending upon the climate in different regions of the country and also the availability of optimum water level in pond. During winter months growth is slow but in rainy season faster growth observed in fishes. Moreover, in winter months and in dry season water level comes down drastically in the water bodies. It is advisable to stocking fingerlings after winter months i. Generally, fishes are harvested after 12 months of stocking.

In composite fish culture 3 species, 4 species or 6 species may be stocked depending upon the availability of fingerlings in the market. In integrated livestock cum fish farming considering the surface, column and bottom feeder the ratio of fishes viz. Catla, Rohu and Mrigal should be 4: 3: 3 3 species , in 4 species Catla, Rohu, Mrigal and Common carp ratio 3 : 3 : 3 : 2 whereas, in 6 species Catla, Rohu, Mrigal, Silver carp, Grass carp and Common carp ratio should be 1.

Potentiality of livestock manure in integrated fish farming. A poultry layer bird can produce 68 kg of excreta per year. A pig of 50 kg can produce 2. Livestock excreta generally used as a potential manure in agricultural production system. Thus, it makes the soil fertile. The average dung production in different animals varies according to their body size, body weight and feed and water consumption.

In domestic animals like sheep, goat, cattle, buffalo, pig and poultry manure production is 0. The N, P, K level in excreta varies in different species of animals. Types of Livestock- Fish integrated farming system. It is one of the best livestock — fish integration system. Duck droppings directly fall in water or collected and used for fertilization in pond. Fish gather duck droppings as direct food or consume spilled feed.

Ducks consume mosquito larvae, tadpoles, dragon fly larvae and snails which also serve as vector for certain parasites. The dabbling habit of ducks increases the available oxygen in pond water. For commercial farming or for maximum profit high egg producing ducks like Khaki Campbell or Indian Runner is preferred instead of local ducks. Poultry cum fish farming- Poultry excreta is an excellent feed for fish as it contains highly soluble organic salts, more N and P as compared to other livestock manure.

Broiler or layer bird can be raised in the integrated system. It was found suitable even with dual purpose poultry birds like Vanaraja. For one hectre fish pond to birds and on an average 60 kg poultry manure is required per day. Moreover, there is a great demand for mutton and chevon and no religious taboo is attached with these meats.

People generally mix cow dung with paddy husk or wheat bhusa and spread over water bodies as a ready source of fish food. But, caution should be taken for number of animals per unit of water bodies; otherwise there may be fish mortality due to excess manure in water.

Pig cum fish integration - Pig manure is very suitable for integrated fish farming system. Generally pig house is constructed in the bank of pond and wastes are directly channelized in to the water. Sometimes pig manure is accumulated and fermented for some days and then applied in pond.

If channelized system is practiced there is no need for supplementing feed for fish. The spillover feed and pig manure is sufficient for fish farming.

Pig manure is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus and thus it helps in very fast growth of fingerlings. About 30 to 40 pigs are recommended for one hectre of water bodies. This type of integration is very profitable when good quality of pig variety like Large and Middle white Yorkshire, Barkshire, Duroc, Hereford, Landrace, Chesterwhite, Tamworth etc are introduced in integrated fish farming.

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Table of Contents

Humans depend upon animals for food and related by-products, work and a variety of other uses see table To meet these demands, they have domesticated or held in captivity species of mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and arthropods. These animals have become known as livestock, and rearing them has implications for occupational safety and health. This general profile of the industry includes its evolution and structure, the economic importance of different commodities of livestock, and regional characteristics of the industry and workforce. The articles in this chapter are organized by occupational processes, livestock sectors and consequences of livestock rearing.

Beekeeping or apiculture is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives , by humans. Most such bees are honey bees in the genus Apis , but other honey-producing bees such as Melipona stingless bees are also kept.

Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat , fibre , milk , eggs , or other products. It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock. Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated , from around 13, BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops. By the time of early civilisations such as ancient Egypt , cattle , sheep , goats and pigs were being raised on farms. Major changes took place in the Columbian Exchange when Old World livestock were brought to the New World, and then in the British Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century, when livestock breeds like the Dishley Longhorn cattle and Lincoln Longwool sheep were rapidly improved by agriculturalists such as Robert Bakewell to yield more meat, milk, and wool. A wide range of other species such as horse , water buffalo , llama , rabbit and guinea pig are used as livestock in some parts of the world. Insect farming , as well as aquaculture of fish , molluscs , and crustaceans , is widespread.

Table of Contents

Integration of livestock in fish culture is an old age system of practice. Ducks, poultry, pig, cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat are common in mixed farming. Nowadays rabbit also incorporated in integrated livestock cum fish culture. Due to progressive shrinking of farm holding to obtain maximum output adoption of mixed farming system with livestock and fish become very popular in wetland and water shed areas of the country.

Poultry, Fisheries, Apiculture and Sericulture. Recommend Documents. Formal diagnostic survey using semi-structured questionnaire.

Indian sericulture Karnataka sericulture Project opportunities List of abbreviations and references Contacts. Silk was extensively traded across the world from ancient times through trade routes known as silk routes. Global production of silk is in excess of , tonnes being produced in more than 20 countries across the world. Sector Profile Sericulture. India is on a continuous growth track in comparison to other countries which have been witnessing a decline in production. India Sericulture Overview Global Share Ranked 2nd in the production of total silk produce accounting for Mulberry accounts for India has favorable climatic and soil conditions for extensive Mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing India is the only country that produces all 4 types of silk Mulberry, Eri, Muga and Tassar. Global monopoly in the production of Muga, the golden yellow silk. Improved silkworm race and hybrids, better rearing and reeling technologies , evolution of high leaf yielding mulberry varieties.

May 19, - , Sericulture(silkworm culture for the production of cocoon), 0, %. , Apiary(bee culture for the production of honey), 0, % , Artificial insemination services, 0, % , Fishpond operation (except fish breeding farms & nurseries, , Manufacture of dairy products, n.e.c., 7, %.

Beekeeping

The aim of this Act is to secure a supply to the market of healthy and safe food, including beverages, and to protect health, quality and consumer interests along the whole food production and distribution chain and to secure an environmentally friendly production. The Act shall further enhance good health of plants and animals and shall apply to all matters regarding health of animals and plants. The Act consists of 35 sections divided into 7 Chapters. Keyword: Fish products, International trade, Internal trade, Institution. Keyword: Internal trade, Animal production. Keyword: Aquaculture, Fish disease. Search Search. Abstract The aim of this Act is to secure a supply to the market of healthy and safe food, including beverages, and to protect health, quality and consumer interests along the whole food production and distribution chain and to secure an environmentally friendly production. Legislation Norway Repealed.

Poultry, Fisheries, Apiculture and Sericulture

Indira's Objective Agriculture for competitive exams in agriculture discipline contain 21 chapters covering all related discipline. The chapters included such as: General agriculture, Agricultural climatology, Genetics and plant breeding, Agricultural biotechnology, Plant physiology, Plant biochemistry, Agricultural microbiology, Seed science, Agronomy, Soil science, Entomology, Plant pathology, Horticulture, Agricultural extension, Agricultural economics, Animal husbandry and dairying, Agricultural statistics, Research methodology and appendix have been given due importance and whole syllabus was covered as per ICAR syllabus and guidelines. Each chapter contains multiple choice questions and total about 25 thousand objective questions with multiple choice have been framed and arranged sequentially for the easy understanding of the students. Recent information and development in the field of agriculture have been incorporated in the book. Thus this book is based on the syllabus of student of agricultural stream, it may be useful not only to students but also teachers, researchers, extension workers and development officers for reference and easy answering of many complicated questions. The entire book is prepared in most simple, clear and talking language so that the contents could be easily understand by the readers.

Animal husbandry

Question 2. If your family owned a diary farm, what measures would you undertake to improve the quality and quantity of milk production? Answer: Dairy farm management deals with processes which aim at improving the quality and quantity of milk production.

Act No. 124 of 2003 relative to food production and food safety (Food Act).

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To keep records is simply to collect relevant information that can help you to take good decisions and to keep track of activities, production and important events on a farm. Records can be about any performance of the animals, economic development, or any activity of the farmer or veterinarian. It is important to keep record keeping simple, and to keep records systematic. If records should be of use for the farmer, than they must be complete none missing , they should be true collected carefully.

Начало. - Начало начал, - проговорила Николь. - Мгновение, когда началась эта Вселенная. когда начался сам процесс эволюции.

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  1. Kelabar

    It absolutely agree

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