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Table of ContentsVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Beautiful Felt Hats Needle Felted, Wet Felted, Shaped DIY Form
Contents Introduction 8 I. The History of Felt 8 What is felt? Looking back in the history of felt 8 Living with felt 12 -. Traditional and Modern Techniques and Motifs 32 Felting with cutout shapes Feltmaking and weaving 33 Changing texture and structure 36 Copying a picture in felt 38 Mixing of fibers and colors Accenting with thread Cutting out designs Applique and embroidery Decorating with sequins and beads Adding fringe to felt 38 38 38 40 41 Introduction During the last two decades there has been a revival of interest in working with felt, the oldest textile form on earth.
Or, as one cheerful American remarked: "Felt is the latest hit from the past. The excavation of ancient felt pieces was exciting news on many fronts. The technique appeared to be of special interest to scientists and museum experts as well as to artists and teachers.
The interest was contagious, and very soon people in all parts of the world were making felt again. Why did this happen? There may be many different opinions. My own isthat feltmaking is a craft that suits everyone-young and old, children, men and women of all ages. I hope that by reading, looking and doing, you will become enthusiastic about feltmaking. And that you, like my pupils and I, will discover that felt lends itself to making beautiful, warm and waterproof clothing, toys and household articles, but also to intriguing experiments, to new discoveries and, finally, that you find it to be a very enjoyable activity.
Left This blanket is used as a wall hanging. The fans are of silk, dyed in a multicolor bath. The fan Pattern was incorporated into the second layer from the top.
The top layer, of wool, was cut away during the felting process to expose the fans. So the fans could be found again after the top layer was in place, a plastic negative was made from the whole pattern from which the fans were cut. The cords were spun from the samesilk usedfor the fans. The History of Felt What is Felt? Felt is a non-woven material which is created by the compression of wool, with the help of moist heat and rubbing but without the use of a binding compound.
Wool is the only fiber endowed by nature with the properties which enable it to be felted. Plant fibers, artificial fibers, and animal hair also can be made into felt if mixed with wool. The way in which wool becomes felt can be observed under a high-powered microscope fig. A wool fiber is covered with small scales. When the fibers are subjected to pressure, and are rubbed with moisture, the scales open. As this treatment continues the scales hook together and, because the wool also shrinks, form a firm, tight material.
Afunny anecdote which illustratesthis process is one about the son of King Solomon. He was a professional shepherd. For a long time he pondered the problem of how to make fabric from wool without having to first spin the wool into yarn, then to braid, knot or weave the yarn into fabric. One day, in his frustration, he stamped up and down on a sheepskin while crying hot tears.
When his tantrum subsided he saw to his amazement that stamping his feet had worked his tears into the wool, and he was standing on felt! Looking Back in the History of Felt From the earliest times, the craft of feltmaking was practiced by nomadic peoples. They traveled with camels, sheep, goats, and later also with horses, over the steppe, never making perrnanent homes. Since prehistoric times nomads inhabited the area between the Arctic circle and the subtropics.
They had to adapt continually to changing living conditions because of their dependence on nature and the surrounding environment. Each tribe had its own culture, but in. These scales open underpressure and when rubbed with moisture.
As this treatment continues, felt is created. There also were common denominators in their art. Animals were a frequent theme; they symbolized the mighty forces of nature the Scythian or Siberian style of animal figures are shown in fig. What these people produced for daily living was, in addition to being functional, so artistic that many of those articles are now declared to be cultural treasures.
The earliest prehistoric findings date from the Neolithic period B. Other important excavations are from the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. The most famous of these art treasures found to date come out of the rich burial mounds in the Altai mountains of the U.
The normally perishable materials, like felt, wool fabrics, fur, and leather, were well preserved. This was caused by the way the graves were constructed to allow frost and ice to enter. Because the dead were buried with their possessions, such. Look closely at the drawings of the swan fig. The three-dimensional swan worked in colored felt applique served as an adornment of a burial tent. The griffin, with its notched comb and collar, is appliqued on a white felt saddle blanket.
The largest felt work yet discovered from this period is a hanging tapestry measuring 4. It is now on exhibit in the Pazyryk room of the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad. There are many mythological animals portrayed on it, and floral patterns as well. In fig. In the border are appliqued positive and negative forms. It is very interesting for the modern feltmaker to see how far advanced were the techniques used in this ancient tapestry.
It is an inexhaustible. In addition to applique, mosaic and inlay techniques also are used, and rich embroidery accentuates the motifs. In chapter Ill instructions are given for several of these techniques in felt.
You can experiment with them all, and let your imagination take it from there. Living with Felt Felt played an important part in the nomadic life. Even their homes, large collapsible tents fig. These tents are often mistakenly called "yurts. The frame of the tent was light, portable and foldable. It was circular, conical toward the top. The frame, a wooden criss-crossed lattice, had a diameter of 6 to 10 meters.
The rounded form helped the tent withstand strong winds. The framing was completely covered in winter with pieces of felt material. They in turn were attached to the lattice with woven bands. This provided adequate protection against cold, rain and snow. In summer the felt walls were rolled up. The door opening always faced south. The smoke hole in the middle of the roof was left uncovered in summer and served as a sundial.
Inside the tent was a large living area which was subdivided into sections for the man and the wife of the household, the children and other family members, a place of honor for high-ranking guests, and separate places for male and female visitors fig. Servants and peasants remained at the entrance of the tent, often an extremely cold place to sit.
Their space might be shared at times with the family's young livestock. Around the walls were leather bags for storage of food and household articles.
Possessions also were kept in wooden trunks covered with felt fig. Furniture was made exclusively from felt. Baby's cradle was a hammock of folded felt. The floor was covered with decorated felt carpets, each with its own place and the tent could be taken down by a few.
To reassemble the tent would take one to two hours. The camel, of course, wears a saddle blanket made of felt. Basic Techniaues and Equipment Before you learn to make felt, you might check to see whether you already have the equipment you'll need.
The materials you will use are listed below. On page 85 are names and addresses of suppliers who sell feltmaking materials. For your first attempts at feltmaking, it would be wise to use batt-carded wool from New Zealand sheep. Nearly all the samples in this book were made with this kind of wool. Where another fiber is used, it is noted. The wool used here is from Romney sheep.
Once you become a bit more proficient at making felt, then you might also try the materials noted below. As a rule, anything you mix with good felting wool will also felt-even plastic and chicken feathers. Certain sheep produce wool with especially good felting wool: Jacob, Gotland Pelssheep, the heather sheep from the Dutch province of Drente, Iceland sheep, and the Persian karakul.
A nicer quality of felt will be obtained when the hair is mixed with sheep's wool. Dog, cat, and even human hair can also be felted along with wool.
Plant fibers, too, can become felt when mixed with wool.
Production and Ginning of Cotton W. Stanley Anthony. Cotton Yarn Manufacturing Phillip J. Wool Industry D.
Pattern of cats and cats. Cat pattern. DIY cats: patterns. Master class felt dog
The subject-matter in this little book is the substance of a series of Lectures delivered before the Hat Manufacturers' Association in the years and About this period, owing to the increasing difficulties of competition with the products of the German Hat Manufacturers, a deputation of Hat Manufacturers in and around Manchester consulted Sir Henry E. Roscoe, F. Sir Henry Roscoe recommended the writer, then the Lecturer on Chemical Technology in the Owens College, as lecturer, and he was accordingly appointed. The lectures were delivered with copious experimental illustrations through two sessions, and during the course a patent by one of the younger members became due, which proved to contain the solution of the chief difficulty of the British felt-hat manufacturer see pages This remarkable coincidence served to give especial stress to the wisdom of the counsel [Pg vi] of Sir Henry Roscoe, whose response to the appeal of the members of the deputation of was at once to point them to scientific light and training as their only resource. In a letter recently received from Sir Henry , he writes: "I agree with you that this is a good instance of the direct money value of scientific training, and in these days of 'protection' and similar subterfuges, it is not amiss to emphasise the fact.
A hat is a head covering which is worn for various reasons, including protection against weather conditions, ceremonial reasons such as university graduation, religious reasons, safety, or as a fashion accessory. Some hats have a protective function. As examples, the hard hat protects construction workers' heads from injury by falling objects and a British police Custodian helmet protects the officer's head, a sun hat shades the face and shoulders from the sun, a cowboy hat protects against sun and rain and an ushanka fur hat with fold-down earflaps keeps the head and ears warm. Some hats are worn for ceremonial purposes, such as the mortarboard , which is worn or carried during university graduation ceremonies. Some hats are worn by members of a certain profession, such as the Toque worn by chefs. Some hats have religious functions, such as the mitres worn by Bishops and the turban worn by Sikhs. While there are not many official records of hats before 3, BC, they probably were commonplace before that.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How To Felt - Crochet Style
This application also claims priority from German application DE 10 The entire contents of that international application and that German application and that European application are incorporated herein by reference. The object of the present invention is a felt material with a barrier function comprising at least one felt layer and an absorber containing material, as well as a method for the production of the felt material, a component made of this felt material and its use. Felt is a fabric for textiles which has a sheet-like structure and which consists of mechanically bonded fibers. Unlike other fabrics, felt is not woven. Instead, it is manufactured under the influence exerted by pressure with the procedure for pressed felts, or by using an acid to roughen the fibers and to create a nonwoven fabric which is bonded by moisture and heat. Traditionally, pressed felts are made from wool or from other loose animal hair because due to the peeling structure of the hair, the fibers become mutually entangled.
HOUSEWARE EXPO. SPRING 2015
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After all, a more elegant and charismatic nature than a cat is difficult to find. That is why the mustachioed-striped often inspire their talented owners to needlework exploits. Today we will continue this glorious tradition and make a textile cat with our own hands. And not even one, but a whole company. It is only in the song that the cat walks by itself. Our textile cats will appear before the public in a large and friendly company. We present to your attention a charming kitty kitty, which opens a cat workshop. Kind, tender, with a very soft character, the baby will be made of soft fabric - white fleece.
It is conceded as an axiom, that theory and practice, in the pursuit of any object, are in their natures essentially different and distinct. But at the same time they long for a mutual understanding each to confirm the assertions of the other, the consummation of all practical results being the mutual embrace and perfect reconciliation of these two attributes. The writer of these pages, being a practical hatter, desires to describe intelligibly his calling, dispensing with all technical terms, at the same time conscious of being liable to receive an unfair criticism from his brother tradesmen, although perfectly innocent on their part, resulting from the prejudices engendered by the many would-be secrets that pertain to the different work-shops, together with their various modes and methods of working, all of which most generally are but trifles merely to gain a name. The practice of a trade without a knowledge of the why and the wherefore of certain usages is a sad defect in any workman, but more especially in certain trades: Hatting being one of those which depends upon second causes for its proficiency, we venture here an explanation with perfect confidence, hoping that the fraternity of hatters will be indulgent, and that they may profit by an experience of many years in the trade, and that for one error or omission in the writing of  these sheets they will find compensation in the new ideas that will spring from their perusal, which may be an incentive to further improvements in the business resulting beneficially to all. Theory without practice, or practice without theory, is like groping in the dark, and perfection in no trade can be attained till every effect can be traced to its cause, and vice versa. It is much to be regretted that practical operative workmen are so diffident in writing and publishing their experience in their several trades and occupations, quietly permitting theorists ignorant of the business to glean as best they can from other parties the most intricate and complicated particulars of a trade, and hence the attempt to illustrate the most useful branches of an art often results in crude and even erroneous descriptions of things of the greatest moment, and the dissemination as correct, of that which is altogether at variance with the truth. In confirmation of the above, we may instance the manufacture of hats as described in a work of much merit, and which is accounted as worthy of all confidence, wherein the error above spoken of is but too plainly visible. Thus, in the supplement to the third edition of that most respectable work the Edinburgh "Encyclopedia Britannica," in the article Hat, an apology is made for the original treatise upon that subject, it being acknowledged as both defective and erroneous from the imperfect source of the information.
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mongolian felt slippers
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Refine your search Locate the companies on a map. Nonwoven materials for the garment sewing industry are produced from natural and synthetic fibers such as: cotton, wool , polyester fiber and their composites.
Manufacturer producer - wool felt. Refine your search Locate the companies on a map. Nonwoven materials for the garment sewing industry are produced from natural and synthetic fibers such as: cotton, wool , polyester fiber and their composites.
Верховный Оптимизатор октопауков отметил, что в их благодатном краю все в порядке, а свидетельством бесспорных успехов сложного общества октопауков, состоящего из самых разных видов, являются изобилие и разнообразие пищи, представленной на - Но подобного изобилия, - говорил оратор, - нельзя было достичь без надежного взаимодействия видов.
Далее в своей краткой речи Верховный Оптимизатор назвал передовиков. Он выделил несколько видов, в частности производителей подобной меду субстанции; в честь их выдающихся трудовых побед целая дюжина светляков освещала секцию долгоносых жуков в течение нескольких секунд. Через три фенга после начала речи люди устали вслушиваться в странный голос и вовсе перестали следить за смыслом речи.