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2019 Assembly Plant of the Year: Refrigerator Production Heats Up at GE AppliancesVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How to produce furniture and sofa in china：Visiting sofa factory
The humble refrigerator is also the hardest working household appliance. The vertically integrated, high-volume assembly plant located on the banks of the Tennessee River specializes in mass-producing top-freezer refrigerators. But, what sets the Decatur facility apart is its ability to assemble thousands of refrigerators a day while meeting key performance indicators such as cost, delivery, employee engagement, quality and safety.
The plant also is a leader in applying data analytics, lean manufacturing and vertical integration to produce several different sizes of refrigerators.
And, the facility has invested in state-of-the-art automation, such as robotics and automated guided vehicles AGVs , to address issues related to ergonomics and material handling.
The world-class plant was chosen for the 16th annual award because of the way that it mass-produces appliances fast and efficiently. When the project is completed by the end of this year, the facility will be able to produce more than 1 million units annually. The investment will add 40, square feet to the plant and more than new jobs, boosting the number of full-time employees to nearly 1, We also fabricate, foam and assemble the cases and doors that make up our refrigerators.
This group of dedicated employees has created a positive culture and family atmosphere that is key to the success of the plant. In fact, more than employees have worked at the facility for 30 or more years. GE Appliances traces its roots to the early s. In , the first Hotpoint electric range appeared Hotpoint became part of GE in It featured a small wooden box that used sulfur dioxide to cool a circulating salt brine.
GE revolutionized the household appliance industry when it unveiled a new type of refrigerator in Civil War ironclad battleship. The four-foot-tall refrigerator featured a hermetically-sealed steel case covered in a white porcelain enamel finish and spindly legs that mimicked the look of colonial-period furniture. It quickly became popular since it was affordable, energy efficient, highly dependable and quiet. Unlike many competitors, the refrigerator did not require fans, belts, shafts, seals or joints.
Dreyfuss removed the condenser from its highly visible spot on top of the refrigerator and buried it at the base of the unit. He also extended the sides of the case to the floor, creating a rectangular shape that covered the legs. Chrome hinges and handles completed the streamlined design that appealed to consumers. Between the early s and the late s, GE engineers developed a number of other innovations, including a new lightweight insulating material called Thermocraft ; the first refrigerator with adjustable shelves ; the first two-door refrigerator-freezer combination ; and the first refrigerator with door-mounted water and ice dispensers By the s, GE was ranked No.
After World War II, GE correctly anticipated that there would be unprecedented demand for dishwashers, ovens, refrigerators, washing machines and other types of electric appliances. To address the issue, it purchased acres of land in Louisville, KY, in and created Appliance Park. In , Appliance Park began assembling dishwashers and dryers. A refrigerator plant opened the following year.
By , Appliance Park employed more than 10, people and could produce 60, major appliances a week. Hotpoint-brand appliances, including refrigerators, were made at several plants on the West Side of Chicago from to In the late s, GE decided to expand again and begin producing and cubic-foot refrigerators at the Decatur plant, which was originally acquired and retrofitted in the mids.
While GE was dominating the U. It eventually became Haier Group in In , it was the first Chinese company to establish manufacturing operations in the U. In , it purchased Panasonic Corp. A year later, it took control of Fisher and Paykel, a leading appliance manufacturer based in New Zealand. Last year, Haier acquired Candy, a large European appliance maker that's based in Italy. Part of the deal was a long-term agreement to continue use of the GE name, including its famous monogram logo.
Haier also announced that it would continue to manufacture appliances in the United States. It employs more than 70, people around the world. Its products include a full line of freestanding and built-in products, such as air conditioners, dishwashers, disposers, dryers, freezers, ovens and ranges, refrigerators, trash compactors, washing machines and water filtration systems.
It also produces some private-label brands, such as Crosley. Kitchen and laundry appliances in the latter categories feature things such as built-in coffee brewing systems, customizable hardware choices, interactive displays, optional glass doors, trendy design colors and WiFi connectivity. Configurations include bottom freezer, French door, side-by-side and top-freezer refrigerators. French-door products are made in Louisville and built-in side-by-sides are assembled in Selmer.
Product complexity is higher in those plants, but production volume is lower. The Decatur plant specializes in mass-producing traditional top-freezer refrigerators with basic features. Key differences between the models are their exterior size and the amount of fresh food they can accommodate.
Most models are available with options such as ice makers and glass or wire shelves. Products come in several different sizes, including , and cubic-foot capacities, with and cubic-foot models to be added in a few months as part of the current investment program.
The cubic-foot capacity models represent the majority of production, with widths varying from 28 to 30 inches. The largest model weighs approximately pounds. All products are available with both right- and left-hand swinging door options.
Several different colors are produced, including bisque light beige , black, slate, stainless steel and white. Refrigerators can also have two types of corners: epaulet or mitered. In addition, the Assembly Plant of the Year produces units that are equipped with either traditional door handles or flush, recessed handles that provide a sleek look. The goal is to improve product quality and service, and develop efficiencies that drive down costs.
This results in increased collaboration between engineers to improve problem solving and shorten product development time. The Decatur factory is also attached to a large warehouse via an enclosed conveyor.
The facility, which can hold three days of inventory, ships to customers by rail and truck. Other large customers include Best Buy and Home Depot; hotel chains such as Hilton and Marriott; apartment management companies; new home builders; and public housing agencies.
GE Appliances is proud of its commitment to domestic manufacturing. In fact, more than 80 percent of the components used in its refrigerators are made in the United States. The Assembly Plant of the Year is a vertically integrated facility.
It produces many parts in-house to guarantee quality and meet delivery deadlines. For instance, the plant operates a large plastic injection-molding operation and a copper tube bending department. Key components, such as evaporators, are also made in-house. Copper tube processing. Automated equipment takes four sizes of wound copper coils and cuts each to length for parts needed to assemble refrigerators elsewhere in the plant. The copper tubing ranges in length from 5 inches up to 80 inches.
Some of the tubing is used to produce an in-house soldered and formed assembly that is delivered directly to the case assembly lines. Swaging is also used to form tubing down to around one quarter of its original size.
Evaporator low side assembly. This department processes level wound coils of aluminum and aluminum ribbon to create a wrapped spine fin serpentine. This heat exchanger component is processed by cutting, expanding, crimping and baking an epoxy joint between the aluminum and copper tubing. An automated subassembly line also bends the serpentine into the shape so that it is ready for delivery to the main assembly lines.
Several plastic extruders run 24 hours a day, five days a week to produce seven different extruded plastic sheets to support the production needs of the Decatur plant. Each extruder has the capability of processing large quantities of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ABS plastic. The Decatur plant uses poured-in-place polyurethane foam as insulation and to add structural strength to its products. Two different material blends are used to produce foam insulation.
At each foam station, the blends are combined together and injected into the cases and doors to create polyurethane foam. After the foam is added to the refrigerator case or door, many ancillary components are added, such as handles, hinges and other types of hardware. Injection molding. This department features more than 20 presses that produce a wide variety of white or clear parts made out of polycarbonate and polystyrene.
Most of the components, such as covers, drawers, shelves and slides, are used in the interior of refrigerators. Metal parts fabrication. Six stamping presses produce a wide variety of small metal parts to support daily production demands.
Materials processed in-house include aluminum, cold rolled steel, prepainted steel and raw galvanized steel. The Decatur plant was one of the first facilities in the appliance industry to use prepainted steel. In addition to small metal parts fabrication, the plant has two large blanking presses that produce blanks used on the case and door fabrication subassembly lines. This operation consists of multiple machines that produce different parts to support all the different product families produced in the plant.
The thermoform process uses heat and vacuum to form extruded ABS sheets into parts of various shapes and sizes. Parts molded in this area include the fresh food liner, freezer liner and inner door liner for all refrigerators. Flexibility in the process allows multiple parts to be run on several thermoformers, which enables alignment of process output to meet customer demand. Each of the different models share similar parts, components and architectures. All refrigerators use a reciprocating compressor located in the bottom rear section of the unit.
A control system runs the compressor, plus the fans of the condenser and evaporator, to regulate temperature. Refrigerators also have heaters that remove frost from the evaporator to keep cooling coils clean. Two flexible, main assembly lines in the plant are fed by a variety of subassembly lines that produce cases, doors and compressors.
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We produce home furniture, serving large-scale retail, small-scale retail and the contract sector channels. Our ranges of modular furniture, made from melamine-faced particleboard panels that are sized and edgebanded , are specially designed for bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. Our story began fifty years ago, while our roots trace back to the early years of the 20th century. Over the years, we have gradually built up our business to become a strategic centre for the furniture manufacturing district of Pesaro and Urbino. We have also become Italy's leading manufacturer of modular bedroom furniture in terms of volumes. Today we are a highly integrated industrial organisation, with 10 production units across Fermignano and Canavaccio Urbino , coordinated by a well-structured technological system. Our business partners highly value our precision and speed, coupled with mid-range prices for quality products able to compete with the higher end of the market.
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So, what are you waiting for? Have a browse through the thousands of quality products we have to offer ready to be delivered to your room of choice — we can even take away the packaging! Robson Furniture makes furnishing your property a breeze. So you like to relax, unwind and rest surrounded by beautiful furniture — the kind of furniture that gives a cosy warmth to the bedroom and adds flair?
If you have a dust allergy, you probably want to know just how to get rid of the seemingly endless amounts of dust that gather in your home. How much dust you have in your home depends on several factors including where you live, the season, how many people live in your home, whether you have pets, and even how you clean. Though dust itself is complicated — even to researchers who devote their time to studying it — getting rid of it is not. Read on to learn where does comes from, the impact it has on your health, and how to make your home as dust-free as possible. Read more about a new air purifier technology that can help improve your indoor air quality while combating dust in your home. Where does dust in a house come from? Dust is, essentially, a combination of particles from both indoors and outdoors, that floats in the air and settles on surfaces. It would probably be impossible to make a list of all the possible items. Pollen, a well-known allergen, can come inside on your shoes, your clothes, and even your hair. This is also true of soil, particulate matter from smoking, and any other outdoor contaminants you can think of.
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We can custom make furniture such as book shelves, entertainment units, tables, coffee tables, wall units, beds, the list goes on! It is all made in our very own factory in Auckland. If you have a design in mind, come and visit us in the showroom to discuss your requirements.
Most BoConcept designs can be tailored exactly to your needs and taste - in a spectrum of beautiful colours. And travel across borders as we meet creatives bringing their passions to life. This is the story of our work told to inspire your personal home. A curated gift from us to you. Be inspired by the details of culture, design and passion to find your own personal home expression. Explore the guidance and trends needed to create and maintain your space. Not a space built on perfection. But a home made for living. Get the latest BoConcept news, interior trends, special offers and invitations to exclusive design events right in your inbox. Our products come from the minds of some of the most respected designers in the world.
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Every manufacturing firm requires allocation of raw materials consumption, labor, and overhead expenses to processed goods in order to determine the final manufacturing costs. In most industries, manufacturing costs range from 60 to 70 percent of the final sale price. Therefore, the need for effective cost allocation systems is vital to control manufacturing costs. In manufacturing firms such as the furniture industries, raw materials and labor might be assigned directly to a product, process, or activity. However, some overhead or indirect costs require the establishment of distributing or cost driving bases to allocate them to final goods. This publication was developed based on concerns from furniture producers that more training in cost accounting methods should be available for practitioners. The paper discusses the basics of cost accounting and explains the strengths and weaknesses of two cost accounting techniques — the direct method and the activity-based costing ABC method — using simple examples and applications in the furniture industry. Manufacturing costs including design and engineering activities have critical impacts on overall manufacturing costs. Many of the problems encountered in manufacturing can be traced back to the design process.
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Pure Furniture was established in as a joint- endeavour between authentic furniture designers in the Netherlands and true craftsmen from Romania. Due to this combination of craftsmanship and passion for raw materials in exclusive design; every piece incorporates a unique feel. Items can be scaled during production without losing character. This solid timber is flexible in use. Our craftsmen can cut, twist, tear and scrape it in any way needed. While others try to control the material and bend it to their will: we let the wood speak for itself, enforcing its natural beauty. The durability of the wood is enforced by allowing for natural expansion of the wood within the finished object. Our craftsmen make sure that slight shrinkage or seasonal cracks will not affect the integrity of the piece.
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Furniture industry , all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment. The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U. It is very largely a 20th-century industry, its development having awaited the growth of a mass consumer market as well as the development of the mass-production technique. Earlier furniture making was a handicraft, going back to the most ancient civilizations.
Welcome to Eco furniture design South Africa. We manufacture and supply solid wood furniture that is stylish; functional and quality guaranteed. With more than 10 years in the Furniture manufacturing Industry we pride ourselves on being a hands-on service orientated Furniture Shop.
Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating e. Furniture is also used to hold objects at a convenient height for work as horizontal surfaces above the ground, such as tables and desks , or to store things e. Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furniture's functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose.
The humble refrigerator is also the hardest working household appliance. The vertically integrated, high-volume assembly plant located on the banks of the Tennessee River specializes in mass-producing top-freezer refrigerators. But, what sets the Decatur facility apart is its ability to assemble thousands of refrigerators a day while meeting key performance indicators such as cost, delivery, employee engagement, quality and safety. The plant also is a leader in applying data analytics, lean manufacturing and vertical integration to produce several different sizes of refrigerators.