Toronto Fire Apparatus. Mission Serve the Township of Langley by protecting life, property, and the environment. From the January-February print edition, page The Apparatus Room, aptly named after its original purpose in the fire department headquarters to house fire engines, is an inviting space punctuated by a central communal bar and anchored by an open kitchen. Sorry, we couldn't find any trucks that matched your search criteria.
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First Aid and Emergency Medical Services. First Aid Antonio J. Traumatic Head Injuries Fengsheng He. Traumatic head injuries 2. Glasgow Coma Scale. First aid is the immediate care given to victims of accidents before trained medical workers arrive. Its goal is to stop and, if possible, reverse harm. It involves rapid and simple measures such as clearing the air passageway, applying pressure to bleeding wounds or dousing chemical burns to eyes or skin. The critical factors which shape first aid facilities in a workplace are work-specific risk and availability of definitive medical care.
The care of a high-powered saw injury is obviously radically different from that of a chemical inhalation. From a first aid perspective, a severe thigh wound occurring near a surgical hospital requires little more than proper transport; for the same injury in a rural area eight hours from the nearest medical facility, first aid would include—among other things—debridement, tying off bleeding vessels and administration of tetanus immunoglobulin and antibiotics.
First aid is a fluid concept not only in what how long, how complex must be done, but in who can do it. In some situations, immediate action can save life, limb or eyesight. Co-workers of victims should not remain paralyzed while waiting for trained personnel to arrive.
Five hundred thousand people die of cardiac arrest every year in the United States alone. For chemical eye injuries, immediate flushing with water can save eyesight. For spinal cord injuries, correct immobilization can make the difference between full recovery and paralysis.
For haemorrhages, the simple application of a fingertip to a bleeding vessel can stop life-threatening blood loss. Even the most sophisticated medical care in the world often cannot undo the effects of poor first aid. First aid is a part of the total health care for workers. In practice, its application will depend to a large extent on persons present at the time of an accident, whether co-workers or formally trained medical personnel. This immediate intervention must be followed by specialized medical care whenever needed.
First aid and emergency treatment in cases of accident and indisposition of workers at the workplace are listed as an important part of the functions of the occupational health services in the ILO Occupational Health Services Convention No. Both adopted in , they provide for the progressive development of occupational health services for all workers. Any comprehensive occupational safety and health programme should include first aid, which contributes to minimizing the consequences of accidents and is therefore one of the components of tertiary prevention.
There is a continuum leading from the knowledge of the occupational hazards, their prevention, first aid, emergency treatment, further medical care and specialized treatment for reintegration into and readaptation to work. There are important roles that occupational health professionals can play along this continuum.
It is not infrequent that several small incidents or minor accidents take place before a severe accident occurs. Accidents requiring only first aid represent a signal which should be heard and used by the occupational health and safety professionals to guide and promote preventive action. The institutions which may be involved in the organization of first aid and provide assistance following an accident or illness at work include the following:.
Each of these institutions has a variety of functions and capabilities, but it must be understood that what applies to one type of institution—say a poison centre—in one country, may not necessarily apply to a poison centre in another country. The employer, in consultation with, for example, the factory physician or outside medical advisers, must ensure that the capabilities and facilities of neighbouring medical institutions are adequate to deal with the injuries expected in the event of serious accidents.
This assessment is the basis for deciding which institutions will be entered into the referral plan. The cooperation of these related services is very important in providing proper first aid, particularly for small enterprises. Many of them may provide advice on the organization of first aid and on planning for emergencies. There are good practices which are very simple and effective; for example, even a shop or a small enterprise may invite the fire brigade to visit its premises.
The employer or owner will receive advice on fire prevention, fire control, emergency planning, extinguishers, the first aid box and so on. Conversely, the fire brigade will know the enterprise and will be ready to intervene more rapidly and efficiently.
There are many other institutions which may play a role, such as industrial and trade associations, safety associations, insurance companies, standards organizations, trade unions and other non-governmental organizations. Some of these organizations may be knowledgeable about occupational health and safety and can be a valuable resource in the planning and organization of first aid.
First aid cannot be planned in isolation. First aid requires an organized approach involving people, equipment and supplies, facilities, support and arrangements for the removal of victims and non-victims from the site of an accident. Organizing first aid should be a cooperative effort, involving employers, occupational health and public health services, the labour inspectorate, plant managers and relevant non-governmental organizations. Involving workers themselves is essential: they are often the best source on the likelihood of accidents in specific situations.
Whatever the degree of sophistication or the absence of facilities, the sequence of actions to be taken in the case of an unforeseen event must be determined in advance. This must be done taking due account of existing and potential occupational and non-occupational hazards or occurrences, as well as ways of obtaining immediate and appropriate assistance.
Situations vary not only with the size of the enterprise but also with its location in a town or a rural area and with the development of the health system and of labour legislation at the national level. The risks of injury vary greatly from one enterprise and from one occupation to another.
Even within a single enterprise, such as a metalworking firm, different risks exist depending on whether the worker is engaged in the handling and cutting of metal sheets where cuts are frequent , welding with the risk of burns and electrocution , the assembly of parts, or metal plating which has the potential of poisoning and skin injury.
The risks associated with one type of work vary according to many other factors, such as the design and age of the machinery used, the maintenance of the equipment, the safety measures applied and their regular control. The ways in which the type of work or the associated risks influence the organization of first aid have been fully recognized in most legislation concerning first aid. The equipment and supplies required for first aid, or the number of first aid personnel and their training, may vary in accordance with the type of work and the associated risks.
Countries use different models for classifying them for the purpose of planning first aid and deciding whether higher or lower requirements are to be set. A distinction is sometimes made between the type of work and the specific potential risks:. Even in enterprises which seem clean and safe, many types of injury can occur.
Serious injuries may result from falling, striking against objects or contact with sharp edges or moving vehicles. The specific requirements for first aid will vary depending on whether the following occur:. The above is only a general guide. The detailed assessment of the potential risks in the working environment helps greatly to identify the need for first aid.
First aid must be available in every enterprise, regardless of size, taking into account that the frequency rate of accidents is often inversely related to the size of the enterprise. In larger enterprises, the planning and organization of first aid can be more systematic.
This is because individual workshops have distinct functions and the workforce is more specifically deployed than in smaller enterprises.
Therefore the equipment, supplies and facilities for first aid, and first aid personnel and their training, can normally be organized more precisely in response to the potential hazards in a large enterprise than in a smaller one.
Nevertheless, first aid can also be effectively organized in smaller enterprises. Countries use different criteria for the planning of first aid in accordance with the size and other characteristics of the enterprise. No general rule can be set. The configuration of the enterprise i. An enterprise might be located at one site or spread over several sites either within a town or region, or even a country.
This will influence the provision of equipment and supplies, the number and distribution of first aid personnel, and the means for the rescue of injured workers and their transportation to more specialized medical care. Some enterprises are temporary or seasonal in nature. This implies that some workplaces exist only temporarily or that in one and the same place of work some functions will be performed only at certain periods of time and may therefore involve different risks.
First aid must be available whenever needed, irrespective of the changing situation, and planned accordingly. In some situations employees of more than one employer work together in joint ventures or in an ad hoc manner such as in building and construction. In such cases the employers may make arrangements to pool their provision of first aid. A clear allocation of responsibilities is necessary, as well as a clear understanding by the workers of each employer as to how first aid is provided.
The employers must ensure that the first aid organized for this particular situation is as simple as possible. The level of training and the extent of organization for first aid is, in essence, dictated by the proximity of the enterprise to, and its integration with, readily available health services.
With close, good backup, avoiding delay in transport or calling for help can be more crucial to a good outcome than is skilful application of medical manoeuvres. First aid must be considered part of sound management and making work safe.
Experience in countries where first aid is strongly established suggests that the best way to ensure effective first aid provision is to make it mandatory by legislation. In countries which have chosen this approach, the main requirements are set out in specific legislation or, more commonly, in national labour codes or similar regulations. In these cases, subsidiary regulations contain more detailed provisions.
In most cases, the overall responsibility of the employer for providing and organizing first aid is laid down in the basic enabling legislation. The basic elements of a first aid programme include the following:.
Although basic responsibility for implementing a first aid programme lies with the employer, without full participation of the workers, first aid cannot be effective. For example, workers may need to cooperate in rescue and first aid operations; they should thus be informed of first aid arrangements and should make suggestions, based on their knowledge of the workplace. Written instructions about first aid, preferably in the form of posters, should be displayed by the employer at strategic places within the enterprise.
In addition, the employer should organize briefings for all workers. The following are essential parts of the briefing:. First aid personnel are persons on the spot, generally workers who are familiar with the specific conditions of work, and who might not be medically qualified but must be trained and prepared to perform very specific tasks.
Not every worker is suitable to be trained for providing first aid. First aid personnel should be selected carefully, taking into account attributes such as reliability, motivation and the ability to cope with people in a crisis situation.
National regulations for first aid vary with respect to both the type and number of first aid personnel required. In some countries the emphasis is on the number of persons employed in the workplace. In other countries, the overriding criteria are the potential risks at work. In yet others, both of these factors are taken into account. In countries with a long tradition of occupational safety and health practices and where the frequency of accidents is lower, more attention is usually given to the type of first aid personnel.
In countries where first aid is not regulated, emphasis is normally placed on numbers of first aid personnel. The following four examples are indicative of the differences in approach used in determining the type and number of first aid personnel in different countries:.
A fire station supports the needs of the fire department and the community in which it is located. It must accommodate extremely diverse functions, including housing, recreation, administration, training, community education, equipment and vehicle storage, equipment and vehicle maintenance, and hazardous materials storage. While it is usually only occupied by trained personnel, the facility may also need to accommodate the general public for community education or outreach programs. Fire stations will vary somewhat in design depending on specific mission, i. Usually, the facility differences relate to the size of the firefighting apparatus and facility location. The location of the facility is largely driven by the need to minimize response time.
Special Firefighting Vehicles
All fire apparatus look fantastic when they are new, polished and parade ready. Climb under your apparatus, get inside to see what makes it special, or not so special. You must get down to the foundation of your truck to see if it is truly top tier. Will it last 10, 15, 20 or even 30 years in- service?
Fire Rescue Equipment List
Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery. The aim is to reduce the harmful effects of all hazards, including disasters. The World Health Organization defines an emergency as the state in which normal procedures are interrupted, and immediate measures need to be taken to prevent that state turning into a disaster. Thus, emergency management is crucial to avoid the disruption transforming into a disaster, which is even harder to recover from.
Create an Account - Increase your productivity, customize your experience, and engage in information you care about. Skip to Main Content. Sign In. Tactical Rescue Team In , after doing a risk assessment for our community, the Lafayette Fire Department saw a need for providing specialized rescue in areas of confined space, trench collapse, building collapse and rope rescue. The events of September 11, reaffirmed this thinking. The team is recognized by the State of Indiana as a team that may be deploy-able in the event of a large scale disaster anywhere. View photo of our TRT training. Guidelines Our training follows NFPA guidelines and for technical rescue and is focused on acquiring certification of team members as rescue technicians with the Indiana Department of Homeland Security. These firefighters are of various ranks in the department. These 20 members of the TRT are volunteering their off-duty time to develop the team, train and respond to these incidents.
Toronto Fire Apparatus
This booklet provides a generic overview of a standards-related topic. This publication does not alter or determine compliance responsibilities, which are described in the OSHA standards and the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Because interpretations and enforcement policy may change over time, the best sources for additional guidance on OSHA compliance requirements are current administrative interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts. This publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced fully or partially without permission.
Emergency and security services exist to deal with extraordinary and threatening situations. The people who work in such services are therefore confronted with events and circumstances that lie outside the usual experience of human beings in their daily lives. Although each of the occupations has its own set of hazards, risks and traditions, they share several features in common. These include the following:. The form of organization and the means by which the mission of these services is carried out varies. The circumstances of the mission of a service affect the attitude and approach to the job; these differences are perhaps best understood by considering the object of control for each emergency service. Firefighting is perhaps the most representative emergency and security service. This occupation arose historically as a way to limit property damage from fires, and started as a private service in which fire-fighters might save the businesses and houses of persons who paid insurance premiums but would let the property of others burn, even if they were right next door. Soon, society determined that private fire services were inefficient and that it would be much more practical and useful to make them public. Thus, firefighting became a municipal or local government function in most parts of the world.
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Tactical Rescue Team
Community Education : We will send our personnel and units to schools and daycare centers as well as any other community groups to display our equipment and give some basic safety tips. Station Tours : Interested in seeing our facilities? We would be happy to give you a tour of our facilities and equipment. Vehicle and Machinery Extrication : Assisting victims who are trapped in their vehicles or machinery using powered tools to remove them safely and effectively minimizing potential for further injury. Rope Rescue : Assisting injured persons that are otherwise inaccessible by conventional means such as people injured in ravines, on water towers, or other similar situations. Water Rescue : Assisting victims stranded in floods and fast moving water, or who have fallen through the ice in winter months. Building Collapse Rescue : Assisting persons who have become trapped in collapsed structures or vehicles that have crashed into buildings. Trench Rescue : Assisting victims who are caught in collapsed trenches and excavations.
They are able to respond to any major unstable or collapsed structure, major transportation incident as part of a national response. New skills developed include working in confined spaces, safe working at heights carrying out search and rescue operations in a multi-level collapsed building, technical search, shoring, breaching and breaking skills. In the Civil Contingencies Secretariat identified that the United Kingdom Emergency Services required a capability to deal with incidents involving the deliberate release of chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear contaminants and the potential for the contamination of large numbers of the public.
First Aid and Emergency Medical Services. First Aid Antonio J. Traumatic Head Injuries Fengsheng He.
Table of Contents
In general, warehouses are focal points for product and information flow between sources of supply and beneficiaries. However, in humanitarian supply chains, warehouses vary greatly in terms of their role and their characteristics.
Она объяснила мне, что таким манером он разговаривал с нами. - Увы, мы никак не можем узнать, о чем он сейчас говорит, - ответил Ричард, - но, если октопауки обладают речью, это отнюдь не означает, что нам ничего не грозит. - И пока ведущий октопаук продолжал свою цветовую речь, Ричард вдруг вспомнил эпизод, имевший место много лет назад во время его одиссеи на Раме II.