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As one of the largest markets worldwide, Europe can be an interesting target market for fish and seafood. Understanding is the first thing, after which follows the route towards compliance. Read further to improve your understanding of the legal requirements as well as the additional requirements that European buyers may ask from you. If you want to export fish to the European Union, your country must be on the list of approved countries.

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Fishing industry

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It gives an overview of recent statistics relating to fishing fleets , fish catches , fish landings and aquaculture production in the European Union EU. Fish are a renewable and mobile natural resource. Aside from aquaculture farming, fish are generally not owned until they have been caught. As such, fish stocks continue to be regarded as a common resource which needs to be managed collectively.

This has led to a range of policies that regulate the amount of fishing at the EU level and more widely at sea basin level, as well as the types of fishing techniques and gear that can be used in fish capture. Total fisheries production covers total catches in the seven regions covered by EU Statistical Regulations [1] as well as aquaculture production. The EU's [2] total production of fisheries products in was estimated to be about 6.

Production was lower The downward trend reflected lower catches, which account for four-fifths of total fisheries production, as the production of farmed aquatic organisms remained relatively stable.

A little over one half The overall decline in EU production in , principally reflected lower production levels in Spain By way of comparison, it is interesting to note that total fisheries production in Norway 3.

Total production in Iceland at 1. In both countries though, production levels in were down sharply on those in A provisional people were employed in the EU fisheries industry in , of which about one third were employed in the aquaculture sub-sector. Although Italy, Greece and Portugal only produced about a combined one-tenth In contrast, Denmark, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom accounted for much higher shares of EU fisheries production than shares of employment in the fisheries industry.

These contrasts highlight the differences between the fishing industries of some countries with a relatively large number of small vessels and others with a relatively small number of large vessels figure 2. Aquaculture is the production of fish and other aquatic organisms like molluscs and crustaceans under controlled conditions; it is an alternative to catching wild fish and takes place both inland and in marine areas.

The EU produced an estimated 1. In terms of output, the EU's aquaculture sector was the eighth largest worldwide, with a 1. Five Member States were responsible for about three-quarters of the EU's aquaculture output volume and value.

Five Member States were responsible for just under three-quarters In terms of value, however, the United Kingdom was the largest producer, accounting for a little less than one quarter To put the EU's aquaculture industry in some perspective, the volume and value of aquaculture in Norway exceeded that of the whole of the EU; Norway produced 1.

It was also the world's second largest exporter of aquatic organisms, after China. In the other EU countries the share of aquaculture ranges from In general, aquaculture plays a major role in the countries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, where sea-fishing is generally carried out using small-scale vessels with an average capacity lower than the EU average.

This helps explain why aquaculture activity plays a relatively large role in the respective fisheries industries of Cyprus accounting for Finfish particularly, salmon, trout, seabass, carp and tuna and molluscs particularly, mussels, oysters and clams together accounted for Some finfish live only in seawater, others in only freshwater and a third group can migrate between the two these being diadromous fish like salmon, trout and eels. One half Among finfish, the diadromous subgroup mostly Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout accounted for Molluscs mussels, oysters and clams accounted for It should be noted that the production weight corresponds to live weight including all shells and bones.

Within the EU, the aquaculture sector is highly specialised at country level. The United Kingdom was the main producer of diadromous fish in the EU about one half of the EU total due to its salmon farms in Scotland. At world level, Atlantic salmon Salmo salar was the 9th most produced finfish species and the EU contributed 8. Spain produced seven in every ten tonnes of farmed Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis , largely due to its rafts in the estuaries of Northern Spain using the 'off bottom' method.

Both 'off bottom' preferred in Ireland and 'on-bottom' methods preferred in the Netherlands were used. Greece produced almost one half of the EU's production of farmed marine fish in , particularly gilthead seabream Sparus aurata and European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax.

Czechia and Poland were the leading EU producers of farmed freshwater fish, particularly common carp Cyprinus carpio , each producing about one fifth of the EU total. At world level, common carp was the third most farmed finfish species. Within the EU, pacific cupped oysters Crassostrea gigas were produced mainly in France Worldwide, one-third of all molluscs produced in were cupped oysters.

The Japanese carpet shell Ruditapes philippinarum was mostly farmed in Italy At world level it was the second most produced species among the molluscs. Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus was farmed in cages in only three Member States: Malta farmed a little over one half The production of farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykis in the EU is something of an exception to the general observation about country specialisation; rainbow trout were farmed in 24 EU countries.

One half of the weight of rainbow trout produced in came from the combined output of Italy Fish were farmed either in inland freshwater Between and the volume of EU aquaculture production remained relatively stable see Figure 6. Nevertheless, the value of this output has increased relatively steadily and in was 6.

During the same period, Norwegian aquaculture has enjoyed significant increases in volume and even higher growth in value. In , aquaculture production in Norway declined Fish catches cover fish, molluscs, crustaceans and other aquatic animals, residues and aquatic plants that are taken for all purposes, by all types and class of vessel, gear and fishermen, operated in all marine areas: high-sea fishing areas, offshore, inshore or brackish water areas.

The production from aquaculture and catches in fresh water are excluded. Although figures for the total production of fisheries products are only available for , statistics on catches are available for The total EU catch in was 5. So although the EU catch in remained much lower than that at the turn of the Millennium 1. The fishing fleets of Denmark and Spain both caught 0.

Spain and Portugal were the only Member States that took catches in all of the seven fishing areas covered by the EU catch statistics. Although the European fishing fleet operates worldwide, three-quarters The key species caught in North East Atlantic were Atlantic herring The amount of fish landed in the EU in was 4. This represents a rebound from the relative low in , almost back to the level recorded in Denmark accounted for one fifth The overall increase in the amount of landings at the EU-level in in large part reflected changes in these three Member States.

Landings to ports in Norway 2. In contrast to the amount of fish landed, the value of total landings in the EU for declined This reflects the high value attached to its landings of species like tuna, hake, swordfish, squid and pilchards. In contrast to the weight landed in Denmark, the value of landings represented only 7. Among the main landing countries, values were lower in the United Kingdom However, it was the decline in the value of landings in Ireland Reducing the fleet capacity is an essential tool for achieving a sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources under the Common fisheries policy CFP.

The EU fishing fleet numbered 82 vessels in , with a combined capacity of 1. The EU's fishing fleet continued to shrink; compared to , the number of vessels was down The EU fishing fleet is diverse; Spain has the highest gross tonnage, Italy most power and Greece most vessels. When measured by gross tonnage, Spain had by far the largest fishing fleet among Member States The fleets of the United Kingdom and France, the next largest, were almost half the size of that in Spain.

When measured by engine power, the largest fleet was that in Italy When measured by the number of vessels, the largest fleet in the EU was in Greece Greek vessels were small on average, however, with an average size of 4. In the case of Iceland, despite having a much smaller fleet than France and Italy in terms of number of vessels, the overall holding capacity gross tonnage was very similar.

The statistics are collected using internationally agreed concepts and definitions developed by the Coordinating Working Party CWP , comprising Eurostat and several other international organisations with responsibilities in fisheries statistics.

The European fisheries production statistics include production from catches and aquaculture. Catches refer to fisheries products taken for all purposes commercial, industrial, recreational and subsistence by all types and classes of fishing units including fishermen, vessels, gear, etc.

The flag of the fishing vessel is used as the primary indication of the nationality of the catch. In addition to catches, Eurostat also collects statistics on landings which relate to all fisheries products expressed as product weight landed in the reporting country, regardless of the nationality of the vessel making the landings. Landings by vessels of the reporting country in non-EU ports and imported into the EU are to be included as well.

Aquaculture production refers to the farming of aquatic freshwater or saltwater organisms, under controlled conditions. Aquaculture implies some form of intervention in the natural rearing process such as regular stocking, feeding and protection from predators. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated. The statistics are reported as the live weight equivalent of the landings in other words, the landed weight of a product to which an appropriate conversion factor has been applied.

Therefore excluded are quantities of fisheries products which are caught but not landed. Statistics for Iceland and Norway are compiled from fleet files submitted by the national authorities. In order to improve readability, only the most significant meta-information has been included under the tables and figures.

The following symbols are used, where necessary:. The current common fisheries policy CFP of the EU [5] aims at an environmentally, economically and socially sustainable use of the common resource including aquaculture production.

Account Options Prijavite se. Library of Congress Subject Headings. Library of Congress.

It gives an overview of recent statistics relating to fishing fleets , fish catches , fish landings and aquaculture production in the European Union EU. Fish are a renewable and mobile natural resource. Aside from aquaculture farming, fish are generally not owned until they have been caught. As such, fish stocks continue to be regarded as a common resource which needs to be managed collectively.

Products, Customers and Price

Mongabay Series: Sea Change. The majority of this material is then fed to other fish and crustaceans: in , 69 percent of fishmeal and 75 percent of fish oil were used for seafood farming. Proponents of aquaculture often frame it as both a solution to unsustainable fishing and a rapidly scalable way to feed the world. It also means many subsistence and artisanal fishers miss out on much-needed catches.

Why are Prices in Wild Catch and Aquaculture Industries so Different?

Through a comparative analysis of prices in capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors, the objectives of this paper are a to investigate three the trends in prices of forage catches to feed the aquaculture species, b to analyze the amount of fish species need to feed aquaculture species in order to assess the level of efficiency in resource use, and c to examine the degree of economic concentration either in wild-catch industry and aquaculture sectors. The results show that prices of cultivated species are higher than prices of the same species when harvested from the sea. We explain this fact by the interplay of three forces. First, the amount of wild fish to feed aquaculture species continues to improve over time. Second, the pressure of fishing activities has not been reduced since catches of most forage fishes are declining, which induce higher prices of capture species that feed aquaculture production. Third, the level of seafood market concentration is significantly higher in aquaculture than in wild catches, which generates higher prices in aquaculture. Catches from wild fisheries and aquaculture i.

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The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational , subsistence and commercial fishing , and the harvesting, processing , and marketing sectors.

Fishermen selling their catch through alternative markets need to determine what products customers will buy, including type, quantity, portion size and packaging. Some common product options are:. Fishermen need to consider where and how their product will be sold. What location will be served, and will product be sold directly to consumers or to others e. The answers to these questions may be influenced by one or more factors, such as:. See the resources below for information on setting a price for product while addressing these and other factors. Be sure to consult with resource management, public health and business authorities before selling your seafood. Skip to main content. Market Your Catch. Search form Search this site.

Which requirements should your product comply with to be allowed on European markets?

Capital: Rome. Population: Overview of the Italian fisheries and aquaculture sector. Fisheries sector.

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The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer. Although the term refers specifically to fish, in practice it is extended to cover any aquatic organisms harvested for commercial purposes, whether caught in wild fisheries or harvested from aquaculture or fish farming. Larger fish processing companies often operate their own fishing fleets or farming operations. The products of the fish industry are usually sold to grocery chains or to intermediaries. Fish are highly perishable. A central concern of fish processing is to prevent fish from deteriorating, and this remains an underlying concern during other processing operations. Fish processing can be subdivided into fish handling, which is the preliminary processing of raw fish, and the manufacture of fish products. Another natural subdivision is into primary processing involved in the filleting and freezing of fresh fish for onward distribution to fresh fish retail and catering outlets, and the secondary processing that produces chilled, frozen and canned products for the retail and catering trades. There is evidence humans have been processing fish since the early Holocene. Fish is a highly perishable food which needs proper handling and preservation if it is to have a long shelf life and retain a desirable quality and nutritional value.

Dec 19, - In book: Fish Processing and Value Added Fish Products, Edition: 3rd, by-catch are the low market value of the material, the size and species.

Seafood Production

Recent developments in fish processing technology are oriented towards technology up-gradation, diversification and quality assurance. There are several factors, which have influenced this demand. One is the increasing affluence and the consequential changes that have influenced the eating habits, particularly in the western countries, which have resulted in the demand for diversely processed value added convenience products based on fish. There is also an increasing trend of eating away from home and this has triggered the growth of fast food trade serving value added fish based products. Value addition is the most talked about word in the industry, particularly in fish processing industry, mainly because of the increase opportunities the activity presents for earning foreign exchange. Besides, value addition is one of the possible approaches to raise the profitability of fish processing industry, which now lays greater emphasis on quality assurance.

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The seafood processing industry produces a large amount of by-products that usually consist of bioactive materials such as proteins, enzymes, fatty acids, and biopolymers. These by-products are often underutilized or wasted, even though they have been shown to have biotechnological, nutritional, pharmaceutical, and biomedical applications. For example, by-products derived from crustaceans and algae have been successfully applied in place of collagen and gelatin in food, cosmetics, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. Divided into four parts and consisting of twenty-seven chapters, this book discusses seafood by-product development, isolation, and characterization, and demonstrates the importance of seafood by-products for the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and biomedical industries. Professor Se-Kwon Kim, Ph. His major research interests are the investigation and development of bioactive substances derived from marine organisms, and their application in eastern medicine, nutraceuticals, and cosmeceuticals via marine bioprocessing and mass-production technologies. Account Options Prijavite se. Odabrane stranice Stranica 5. Stranica 2.

Meat and dairy production — meat and dairy products are an important source of nutrition for many people across the world. Global demand has increased rapidly. But this also comes with large environmental impacts.

Despite fluctuations in supply and demand, caused by the changing state of fisheries resources, the economic climate and environmental conditions, fisheries and aquaculture remain very important as a source of food, employment and revenue in many countries and communities. Reported global capture fisheries and aquaculture production contracted from a figure of million tonnes in to million tonnes in However, production recovered in , for which the preliminary estimate is about million tonnes.

The processing of fish for human consumption gives rise to byproduct in the form of heads, viscera, frames, skins and others such as tails, fins, scales, mince, blood, etc. The waste generated after processing is actually valuable raw material from which fishmeal and fish oil may be produced. As a raw material source, this material is still underutilised, and there is scope for increased fishmeal and fish oil production from seafood byproduct.

Account Options Prijavite se. United States. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

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