United States. Bureau of the Census. Meat products 20A1 2 Cigarettes 21A1. Proprietors and working partners number. Meat packing plants 21 21 Cigars 21Al. Fabricated textiles nec 23E1.
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- Series on Fibres: Turning Hemp into Fabric
- What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where
- List of textile fibres
- PFGHL Group targets US for organic silk products
- Post-World War I tales: A silk surplus, armistice fashion, and a philanthropic innovator
- Textile Industry
- SIC Code 2262 - Finishers of Broadwoven Fabrics of Manmade Fiber and Silk
- Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes
Series on Fibres: Turning Hemp into FabricVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Entrepreneur turning lotus plants into luxury fabric
Please fill in your details to download the Table of Contents of this report for free. We also do customization of these reports so you can write to us at mi fibre2fashion. Fibre is the starting point of the textile chain. First of all, fibre is obtained from the source, which is then spun into yarn. Yarn is then woven or knitted into fabric. Fibres can be classified into 2 main categories: natural and synthetic. Natural fibres are obtained from natural sources such as animals and plants, while those which are not obtained from natural sources are called synthetic fibres.
This article mainly aims at studying plant and animal fibres - the traditional sources as well as the recently developed ones. The following are some of the popular fibres used in the textile industry:. It is one of the traditional fibres used in the textile industry.
It is one of the most preferable fibres because the cloth made from it is durable, at the same time having a good drape. Moreover, it is moisture-absorbent and smooth to the touch. One of the other qualities of cotton fabric is that it takes time to dry. It also creases easily, requiring regular ironing. It is a fibre that has been used in the textile industry since ages.
The properties of linen fabric are very much similar to cotton fabric. Like cotton, linen fabric is also highly moisture-absorbent and durable. It creases easily and requires ironing. However, it is stiffer as compared to cotton. Linen is usually used in the manufacture of summer clothes and home linen.
It is obtained from the jute plant and is popularly known as Golden fibre on account of the golden sheen that it possesses. On account of its high strength, it is perfect for use in packaging material. Jute is sometimes blended with other fabrics or even used individually in the production of apparel.
However, it does not have as good a drape as cotton and creases easily. Bangladesh in India is one of the major sources of jute in India. It is obtained from silk worms. The most popular kind of silk is obtained from the mulberry silk worm.
The silk that is obtained from other varieties of silk worms is called wild silk. China, India, Nepal and Europe have been traditional producers of good quality silk on a large scale. Silk fibre has a unique sheen.
It is very smooth to the touch, at the same time being strong. These qualities made it the fabric of choice for sarees and dress materials. Apart from this, silk is also used for nightwear, bed linen, underwear as well as home furnishings. Wool fabric is soft to the touch and provides warmth to the weather, due to which it is the preferred choice for winter apparel. Wool has other features such as elasticity and good drape. Moreover, it can be easily dyed in different colors, thus making it suitable for use in fashionable winter apparel.
The common type of wool used for the production of apparel is Merino wool, obtained from the Merino sheep. Merino wool is the softest wool in the world. The wool industry in the world is largely spread out in Australia, China and New Zealand. Cargill Inc. The fabric made from corn fibre is easy to care for, cheap and very comfortable to wear. Moreover, it is stain-resistant and UV resistant.
This fabric can be used for several applications such as readymade apparel, diapers, bedding, carpets and upholstery. Moreover, the production of this fabric requires the use of less fuel, and is hence environment-friendly as well. However, in recent times, scientists have come up with an innovation wherein silk is produced from spiders. As opposed to silkworms, spiders produce silk at normal temperature, due to which the process is environment-friendly as well. Spider silk is useful for the production of light-weight apparel.
Coir fibre is thick and strong and is hence ideal for use in rugs, sacks and brushes. If the coir is harvested while the coconuts are tender, the fibre is white in color; however, it is brown-colored if harvested on maturity. The coir industry in India is largely concentrated in Kerala.
Apart from India, Sri Lanka is a major producer of coir fibre. The hair of the yak is very useful in the production of warm clothes, mats and sacks. This is because of its qualities such as warmth and strength. Yak fibre is usually found in black and piebald. In rare cases, white yak hair is also obtained. This fibre has been used in the textile industry since long. Usually, camel fibre is found in light brown, dark brown and reddish brown shades.
It is soft to the touch and the apparel made from it is quite durable. Camel fibre from Mongolia is very popular. Since long, the soft hair of llamas is used for the production of apparel, while rougher hair is used in rugs and wall hangings. Llama fibre is normally available in white, black, grey, brown as well as reddish brown colors.
Llamas and alpacas are very much similar to each other in appearance. However, the llama is larger in size and has a longer head as compared to an alpaca. Alpacas usually have the same color of hair throughout their bodies, while it might differ in case of llamas. Alpaca fibre is used for the preparation of winter apparel. Alpaca wool is very much similar to sheep wool, but lighter in weight, warmer and softer to the touch. Generally, alpaca wool is available in white color; however, colors such as blackish blue, brown, silvery gray and blackish brown are also found.
Alpaca fibre has been used in the textile industry since centuries. The popularity of clothing made from alpaca fibre is rising since the last few years. This is mainly because raising alpaca has a lesser impact on the environment as compared to other wool-bearing animals. Apparel producers sometimes make use of a blend of alpaca fibre and Merino wool to get the dual benefit of durability and warmth.
It has been in use since centuries in the textile industry. Legend has it that Ramie fibre was used in clothes for mummies in Egypt as long back as BC. The fabric produced using Ramie fibre is strong, silky, shiny and does not crease easily. In spite of its strength, the use of Ramie fibre in the textile industry is not all that extensive, mainly on account of the labor, time and expenditure involved in the extraction and cleaning of the fibre.
It is useful in the production of sewing thread, filter clothes, fishing nets and packaging material. Sometimes, it is used in the production of household fabrics and in apparel, usually in combination with some other fabric such as wool.
China, Japan, Philippines and Brazil are the leading producers of Ramie fibre. Usually, the fibre is creamy white in color and is silky to the touch after processing is done on it. The hair of the Angora rabbit is long and soft and is found in a variety of colors.
Angora wool has been used in the production of sweaters and suits since long back. On account of its low elasticity, it is blended with wool for producing apparel. Typically, the hair of dogs such as the bearded collies, shepherd dogs, sheepdogs, poodles, terriers, Shih Tzus, dachshunds and wool hounds is used in the production of apparel.
Chiengora hair, being warm and soft to the touch, is widely used in winter clothing and blankets. Sometimes, some other fibre such as wool is mixed with Chiengora fibre for the production of apparel or blankets. It is also popularly known as Pashmina. China has emerged as the largest producer of Cashmere fibre. Cashmere fibre is extremely soft, lightweight, fine and warm.
Because of these qualities, it is very useful in the production of winter apparel, jackets, pants, blankets and scarves. Typically, Cashmere fibre is available in different shades of grey, white and black. It possesses qualities such as warmth, light weight, crease resistance, durability and softness. It is useful in the production of winter apparel.
Apart from this, it is also useful in the production of blankets, rugs and scarves. It is a traditional fibre used in the textile industry. It is lustrous and strong and dyes easily. Moreover, it is soft to the touch and lightweight. It is ideal for use in summer wear, underwear, sleepwear, sportswear, children's wear as well as home textiles.
Obtained from the bamboo plant, it possesses several qualities such as smoothness and durability. It is environment-friendly as well, requiring fewer pesticides as compared to cotton cultivation.
Textile fibres or textile fibers see spelling differences can be created from many natural sources animal hair or fur, insect cocoons as with silk worm cocoons , as well as semisynthetic methods that use naturally occurring polymers, and synthetic methods that use polymer-based materials, and even minerals such as metals to make foils and wires. The textile industry requires that fibre content be provided on content labels. These labels are used to test textiles under different conditions to meet safety standards for example, for flame-resistance , and to determine whether or not a textile is machine washable or must be dry-cleaned. Common textile fibres used in global fashion today include:    . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where
Even before the United States entered the First World War in , procurement officers for the armed forces began to look for sources for the vast array of goods that the American military would need to go to war across the ocean. A particular kind of silk fiber was high on their list of necessary goods. Spun silk yarns and silk noils short or uneven fibers that can't be used to make the most expensive dress silks were required by the army and the navy. Both services had tried to find a substitute for silk in one vital product, and failed. When burned, silk vanishes completely, leaving no ash residue behind. So the bags that held the powder charges that fired off every shell from the big artillery guns, on land or sea, during the First World War were made of silk.
List of textile fibres
Based on its recently developed and patented manufacturing technology platform for short polymer fibers a perfect treatment for the fashion industry was created. Silk is one of the most exclusive and expensive fibers available due to the complex production of this natural raw material. The significant cost of silk has created the sense of exclusivity around silk fabrics and garments, and conveys an image of luxury. Silk is also sought after for its classic timeless appeal, comfort and beautiful luster — making this natural material in high demand by the fashion segment worldwide. Silk is a truly unique material — soft, temperature-regulating, highly absorbent and fast-drying, highly tear-resistant and virtually wrinkle-free.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How Its Made Silk
Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability. Man is a friend of fashion in nature. The desire for better garment and apparel resulted in the development of textile fiber production and textile manufacturing process. Primarily the natural textile fibers meet the requirements for human consumption in terms of the comfort and aesthetic trends. Cotton, wool, and silk were the important natural fibers for human clothing articles, where cotton for its outstanding properties and versatile utilization was known as the King Cotton. The advancement of fiber manufacturing introduced several man-made fibers for conventional textile products; however, cotton is to date a leading textile fiber in home textiles and clothing articles.
PFGHL Group targets US for organic silk products
Superior quality knitted and woven fabric. Read More. A range of textiles for homes including lining bed linen. Premium quality yarns in different counts.
Please fill in your details to download the Table of Contents of this report for free. We also do customization of these reports so you can write to us at mi fibre2fashion. Fibre is the starting point of the textile chain. First of all, fibre is obtained from the source, which is then spun into yarn. Yarn is then woven or knitted into fabric. Fibres can be classified into 2 main categories: natural and synthetic. Natural fibres are obtained from natural sources such as animals and plants, while those which are not obtained from natural sources are called synthetic fibres. This article mainly aims at studying plant and animal fibres - the traditional sources as well as the recently developed ones.
Post-World War I tales: A silk surplus, armistice fashion, and a philanthropic innovator
Did you know the very first pair of Levis were made of hemp? And did you know that hemp was planted near and around the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site to pull radioactive elements from the ground? Derived from the Cannabis Sativa plant, the fibres of hemp are well known for their durability and ruggedness. In their raw state, hemp fibres are yellowish grey to deep brown. Prior to Levis Strauss' ingenious use of hemp to create his first jean, hemp was largely used as an industrial fibre, but soon became popular in the textile world after it was used in this first pair of jeans. Materials made from hemp have been discovered in tombs dating back to 8, B. Hemp was primarily used in making sails and ropes for ships.
Silk is a natural protein fiber , some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism -like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles , thus producing different colors. Silk is produced by several insects; but, generally, only the silk of moth caterpillars has been used for textile manufacturing. There has been some research into other types of silk, which differ at the molecular level. Several kinds of wild silk , produced by caterpillars other than the mulberry silkworm, have been known and spun in China , South Asia , and Europe since ancient times.
SIC Code 2262 - Finishers of Broadwoven Fabrics of Manmade Fiber and Silk
Please fill in your details to download the Table of Contents of this report for free. We also do customization of these reports so you can write to us at mi fibre2fashion. Fibre is the starting point of the textile chain.
Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes
A textile  is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers yarn or thread. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool , flax , cotton , hemp , or other materials to produce long strands. The related words " fabric "  and " cloth "  and "material" are often used in textile assembly trades such as tailoring and dressmaking as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage.
An award-winning team of journalists, designers, and videographers who tell brand stories through Fast Company's distinctive lens. Leaders who are shaping the future of business in creative ways. New workplaces, new food sources, new medicine--even an entirely new economic system. One of the greatest challenges faced by the textiles and fashion industry is to make itself more sustainable, not just in terms of economic and labor-force issues but in the face of ecological necessity.
Hong Kong — A silk producer is targeting August for the first sale of its products within the United States. Profits Fund Global Holding Ltd. Over the next three years, the company plans to move to manufacturing Bombyx silk using an organic growing and production process, adding three new facilities that will allow direct control of the entire manufacturing process from mulberry tree to finished fabric.